Today in History

Today in History

310Apr 18St. Eusebius began his reign as Catholic Pope.
1480Apr 18Lucretia Borgia (d.1519), murderess, was born. Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara, was the daughter of Pope Alexander VI, and the sister and political pawn of Cesare Borgia. She was also considered a patroness of the arts.
1504Apr 18Fra Filippo Lippi (~52), painter, died.
1518Apr 18Bona Sforza (1494-1558) was crowned Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania in Wawel Cathedral, Krakow. The Italian niece of Bianca Maria Sforza, who in 1493 married Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, became the 3rd consort of Lithuania’s Grand Duke Sigismund the Old (1467-1548).
1521Apr 18Martin Luther confronted the emperor Charles V in the Diet of Worms and refused to retract his views which led to his excommunication. Cardinal Alexander questioned the Rev Martin Luther.
1530Apr 18Francois Lambert d’Avignon (~43), French church reformer, died.
1580Apr 18Thomas Middleton, English playwright (Game of Chess), was born.
1590Apr 18Ahmed I, 14th sultan of Turkey (1603-17), was born.
1605Apr 18Giacomo Carissimi, composer, was born.
1610Apr 18Robert Parsons (63), English Jesuit leader, plotter, died.
1663Apr 18Osman declared war on Austria.
1676Apr 18Sudbury, Massachusetts, was attacked by Indians.
1689Apr 18George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem, infamous judge, died.
1775Apr 18Several post riders set out to warn colonists of the British attack that started the American Revolution. One patriotic myth that grew out of that movement began with a poem Henry Wadsworth Longfellow called “Paul Revere’s Ride.” Paul Revere began his famous ride from Charlestown to Lexington, Mass., warning American colonists that the British were coming. American revolutionaries Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott warned that “the British are coming”. Only Prescott galloped all the way to Concord. Revere was corralled by a British cavalry patrol near Lexington, MA; Dawes and Prescott escaped. A company of over 700 British troops marched toward Concord. 23-year-old church sexton Robert Newman hung two lanterns in the Old North Church to warn riders that the British were leaving Boston by boat to march on Concord. Every April, a descendant of the 18th-century patriot still climbs to the steeple of Old North Church and hangs two small tin and glass lanterns.
1778Apr 18John Paul Jones attacked the British revenue cutter Husar near the Isle of Man, but it escaped. Soon thereafter he raided Whitehaven and burned one coal ship.
1791Apr 18National Guardsmen prevented Louis XVI and his family from leaving Paris.
1797Apr 18Louis-Adolphe Thiers, president of France, was born.
1797Apr 18France and Austria signed a cease fire.
1807Apr 18Erasmus Darwin, physician, writer (Influence), died.
1817Apr 18George Henry Lewes, philosophical writer, was born.
1818Apr 18A regiment of Indians and blacks was defeated at the Battle of Suwanna, in Florida, ending the first Seminole War.
1819Apr 18Franz von Suppa, composer (Light Cavalry Overture), was born in Spalato, Dalmatia.
1834Apr 18William Lamb became the prime minister of England.
1845Apr 18Wilhelm Gericke, composer, was born.
1847Apr 18U.S. forces defeated the Mexicans at Cerro Gordo in one of the bloodiest battle of the war.
1855Apr 18Jean-Baptiste Isabey, painter, died.
1857Apr 18Clarence S. Darrow, defense attorney at the Scopes monkey trial, was born near Kinsman, Ohio.
1861Apr 18US Colonel Robert E. Lee turned down an offer to command the Union armies.
1862Apr 18Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St. Philip and New Orleans, LA.
1864Apr 18Richard Harding Davis, journalist, was born.
1865Apr 18Confederate Gen Joseph Johnston surrendered to Gen W.T. Sherman in North Carolina.
1874Apr 18David Livingstone was buried in Westminster Abbey.
1876Apr 18Daniel O’Leary completed a 500 mile walk in 139 hours, 32 minutes.
1882Apr 18Leopold Stokowski, conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra), was born in London England
1885Apr 18The Sino-Japanese war ended.
1902Apr 18Denmark became the 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals.
1906Apr 18The SF earthquake killed 119 people at Agnews State Hospital in San Jose.
1907Apr 18The Fairmont Hotel opened in SF, exactly one year after the 1906 earthquake. It was designed by Julia Morgan and named after mining magnate James Graham Fair.
1908Apr 18Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (Bayreuther Festspiele), was born.
1909Apr 18Joan of Arc was declared a saint.
1911Apr 18George Huntington Hartford II, heir (A&P), was born in NYC.
1918Apr 18Clifton Keith Hillegass, founder of the study guides known as Cliff’s Notes, was born.
1921Apr 18Junior Achievement, created to encourage business skills in young people, was incorporated.
1923Apr 18Poland annexed Central Lithuania.
1924Apr 18Henry J. Hyde, (Rep-R-IL), was born.
1928Apr 18Jean-Francois Pailliard, conductor, was born in Vitry-le-Francois, France.
1930Apr 18Clive Revill, actor (Legend of Hell House), was born in Wellington, NZ.
1934Apr 18The 1st laundromat, called a “Washateria,” opened in Fort Worth, Tx.
1936Apr 18Pan-Am Clipper began regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu.
1937Apr 18Leon Trotsky called for the overthrow of Soviet leader Josef Stalin.
1939Apr 18Franz von Papen became German ambassador in Turkey.
1940Apr 18Ed Garvey, labor leader for the Major League Baseball Players Association, was born.
1942Apr 18First issue of the newspaper for U.S. armed forces, Stars and Stripes, was published.
1943Apr 18Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (b.1884), the mastermind of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was shot down by American P-38 fighters.
1944Apr 18The ballet “Fancy Free,” with music by Leonard Bernstein premiered in NYC.
1945Apr 18Ernie Pyle (b.1900), famed American war correspondent, was killed at age 44 by Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of Ie Shima, off Okinawa. He did a syndicated aviation column from 1928-1932, and served as a roving reporter from 1935-1939. In 1997 James Tobin published “Ernie Pyle’s War: America’s Eyewitness to World War II.”
1946Apr 18Jackie Robinson debuted as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals.
1947Apr 18James Woods, actor (Salvador, Against All Odds), was born in Warwick, RI.
1948Apr 18Catherine Malfitano, soprano (Metropolitan Opera), was born in NYC.
1949Apr 18The Republic of Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth and was officially proclaimed in Dublin on the anniversary of the 1916 Easter rebellion. King George VI sent his good wishes.
1950Apr 18The first transatlantic jet passenger trip was made.
1954Apr 18Colonel Nasser seized power in Egypt.
1956Apr 18Actress Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier III of Monaco in a civil ceremony. A church wedding took place the next day.
1961Apr 18Pamella Bordes, British parliament prostitute, was born in New Delhi, India.
1963Apr 18Dr. James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant.
1964Apr 18Ben Hecht (71), playwright (Child of the Century), died.
1968Apr 18There was a coup in Sierra Leone. A new government under Siaka Stevens was announced.
1969Apr 18George Whittell, Jr. (b.1881), born in SF to wealth amassed in real estate and mining, died. His construction of a lakefront estate at lake Tahoe, the Thunderbird Lodge, began in 1937 and was completed in 1939.
1974Apr 18In Genoa, Italy, the Red Brigade kidnapped deputy attorney Mario Sossi. He was held for 35 days.
1975Apr 18Jesus Ibarra Piedra, a member of a Mexican leftist urban guerrilla group, was kidnapped and never seen again. On Nov 8, 2004, Juventino Romero Cisneros, a former agent of the Federal Security Directorate, was arrested for the kidnapping. Carlos Solana Macias, ex-director of the Judicial Police for the northern state of Nuevo Leon, was arrested Dec 29, 2005. In 2006 both Cisneros and Solano were released from prison.
1978Apr 18The U.S. Senate voted 68-32 to turn the Panama Canal over to Panamanian control on Dec. 31, 1999.
1983Apr 18Alice Walker (b.1944) won a Pulitzer Prize for “The Color Purple.”
1987Apr 18President Reagan used his weekly radio address to express hope the superpowers could reach an agreement to sharply reduce the threat of intermediate-range nuclear weapons.
1988Apr 18The United States destroyed two more Iraqi oil platforms, after a mine in the Persian Gulf injured 10 crewmen aboard a U.S. frigate. In 2003 a World Court in a 14-2 decision ruled the US was wrong but doesn’t need to pay damages.
1989Apr 18Thousands of Chinese students demanding democracy tried to storm Communist Party headquarters in Beijing.
1990Apr 18The US Supreme Court ruled that states may make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one’s home.
1991Apr 18President Bush unveiled his “America 2000” education strategy, which included a voluntary nationwide exam system and aid pegged to academic results.
1992Apr 18Democrat Jerry Brown met with black leaders in Philadelphia while front-runner Bill Clinton visited a Phillies-Pirates ballgame as the two courted Pennsylvania primary voters.
1993Apr 18In Pakistan Nawaz Sharif’s government was dismissed by Ishaq Khan on corruption charges. The interim government was led by Balkh Sher Mazari.
1995Apr 18Quarterback Joe Montana retired from professional football.
1996Apr 18President Clinton addressed the Japanese Parliament, hailing security ties between the two countries as the cornerstone of stability in Asia. Congress passed and sent to President Clinton long-awaited legislation giving federal law officers new powers to use against terrorism.
1997Apr 18President Clinton held a news conference in which he warned Republicans that a balanced-budget deal may not come quickly, while reassuring nervous Democrats that he would not abandon the party’s prized social programs.
1998Apr 18A 34-nation trade summit was held over the weekend in Santiago, Chile. Some $45 billion from the Inner-America Development Bank, The World Bank and the US Agency for Int’l. Development was to be made available for an array of development projects.
1999Apr 18During a speech on the 19th anniversary of independence Pres. Mugabe said that over 1200 Zimbabweans were dying each week from AIDS.
2000Apr 18In his first game back following a 12-game suspension for making disparaging remarks about minorities, gays and immigrants, Atlanta’s John Rocker pitched a scoreless ninth inning in a 4-to-3, 12-inning victory over Philadelphia.
2001Apr 18US negotiators said China agreed to discuss the return of the US spy plane following a day of unproductive talks. Beijing and Washington staked out opposing positions on who was to blame for the incident.
2002Apr 18The WSJ announced the end of its expert vs. dartboard portfolio following a 14-year contest.
2003Apr 18Scott Peterson was arrested in San Diego for the death of his wife, Laci, who was eight months pregnant when she vanished on Christmas Eve. Genetic testing proved that two bodies found Apr 13-14 near the SF Bay Berkeley Marina were Laci Peterson and her baby.
2004Apr 18Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (83), Fiji’s first prime minister and a key U.S. ally in the South Pacific during the Cold War, died. The paramount chief of the Lau Islands of eastern Fiji, he was revered for holding together bickering tribes as he welded Fiji into a stable, multiracial nation after 96 years of colonial British rule.
2005Apr 18The UN Security Council voted unanimously to widen the arms embargo in Congo as part of stepped-up efforts to bring peace to the African country’s volatile east.
2006Apr 18Pres. Bush nominated former Ohio Rep. Rob Portman to head the White House budget office.
2007Apr 18The US Supreme Court, in a 5-4 ruling, upheld the 2003 nationwide ban on a controversial abortion procedure known as dilation and extraction, handing abortion opponents the long-awaited victory they expected from a more conservative bench.
2008Apr 18A magnitude 5.2 earthquake hit southern Illinois in the Ozark Dome region and was felt across the Midwest.
2009Apr 18The Obama administration said it will boycott the April 20-25 UN conference on racism due to objectionable language in the meeting’s final draft document.
2010Apr 18The Int’l. Cannabis and Hemp Expo closed at the Cow Palace, Daly City, Ca. it was the first trade show in the US to allow on-site pot smoking and attracted some 15,000 enthusiasts over the weekend.
2011Apr 18Two airline employees came to the aid of a woman that was being raped at Denver Int’l. Airport. Noel Bertrand (26) was later charged with sexual assault.
2012Apr 18The Los Angeles Times published 2 pictures, dating back to 2010, showing US soldiers posing with the remains of Taliban insurgents. One showed members of the 82nd Airborne Division posing in 2010 with Afghan police holding the severed legs of a suicide bomber. The 2nd appeared to show the hand of a dead insurgent resting on a US soldier’s shoulder as the soldier smiles.
2013Apr 18The New York Public Service Commission approved a plan to build the Champlain Hudson transmission line, which will be capable of moving 1,000 megawatts of hydropower from Québec to New York City.
2014Apr 18The US federal government said farms stricken with a deadly pig virus must report outbreaks as part of a new program to help monitor and possibly control the disease. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), believed to have come from China, has killed millions of pigs in 27 states since it began showing up in the US last May.

Source: Timelines of History


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