Today in History

896Feb 22Pope Formosa was crowned king Arnulf of Carinthia, French emperor.
1076Feb 22Godfred III, with the Hump, duke of Lower Lorraine, was murdered.
1349Feb 22Jews were expelled from Zurich, Switzerland.
1371Feb 22David II Bruce (46), king of Scotland (1331-1371), died.
1387Feb 22Jogaila issued a proclamation for all Lithuanians to accept Catholicism.
1403Feb 22Charles VII, King of France (1422-1461), was born.
1440Feb 22Ladislaus V Posthumus, King of Hungary and Bohemia, was born.
1512Feb 22Amerigo Vespucci (b.1451), Italian explorer, died in Seville, Spain.
 1599Feb 22Anthony Van Dyck, painter, was born in Antwerp, Belgium.
1630Feb 22Indians introduced pilgrims to popcorn at Thanksgiving.
1634Feb 22Petrus “Pieter” van Schooten, fortress architect, was born.
1635Feb 22King Louis XIII at the urging of Cardinal Richelieu granted letters patent to formally establish the Academie Francaise in Paris. The Académie française was responsible for the regulation of French grammar, orthography, and literature.
1656Feb 22New Amsterdam was granted a Jewish burial site.
1687Feb 22Jean-Baptiste Lully, composer, died in Paris. Lully, Paris Opera director, had stabbed himself in the foot with a baton and died of blood poisoning.
1690Feb 22Charles Le Brun (70), classical painter (Academie de Peinture), died.
1700Feb 22Augustus II (the Strong) with the help of the Saxon army attacked Swedish controlled Riga. This began the Northern War (1700-1721).
1727Feb 22Francesco Gasparini (58), composer, died.
1732Feb 22George Washington (1732-1799), first U.S. President (1789-1797), was born in Westmoreland, Virginia. He is revered as the “Father of His Country” for the great services he rendered during America’s birth and infancy–a period of nearly 20 years.
1770Feb 22Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek, composer, was born.
1774Feb 22English House of Lords ruled that authors do not have perpetual copyright.
1775Feb 22Jews were expelled from the outskirts of Warsaw, Poland.
1778Feb 22Rembrandt Peale, American painterwho painted excellent portraits of the founding fathers of the United States, was born.
1784Feb 22A U.S. merchant ship, the “Empressof China,” left New York City for the Far East.
1788Feb 22Arthur Schopenhauer (d.1860), German philosopher (Great Pessimist), was born:”Hatred comes from the heart; contempt from the head; and neither feeling is quite within our control.”
1797Feb 22The last invasion of Britain took place when some 1,400 Frenchmen landed at Fishguard, in Wales.
1819Feb 22Spain signed the Adams-Onis Treaty with the United States ceding eastern Florida. Spanish minister Do Luis de Onis and U.S. Secretaryof State John Quincy Adams signed the Florida Purchase Treaty, in which Spain agrees to cede the remainder of its old province of Florida. Spain renounced claims to Oregon Country.
1821Feb 22The Adams-Onis Treaty became final, whereby Spain gave up all of Florida to the US. The boundary between Mexico and the Louisiana Purchase was established and the US renounced all claims to Texas.
1822Feb 22Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease), was born.
1825Feb 22Russia and Britain established the Alaska-Canada boundary.
1832Feb 22Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (b.1749), poet, (Faust, Egmont) died in Weimar, Germany. Goethe had served as minister of mines under Bismarck. He completed “Faust” just before his death: “When Ideas fail, words come in handy.” In1988 Kenneth Weisinger authored “The Classical Facade: A Non-Classical Reading of Goethe’s Criticism.” In 2006 John Armstrong authored “Love, Life, Goethe: How to Be Happy in an Imperfect World”
1835Feb 22HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin left Valdivia, Chile.
1847Feb 22In the Battle of Buena Vista US troops beat Mexican army during the Mexican-American War. Mexican General Santa Anna (of Alamo infamy) surrounded the outnumbered forces of U.S. General Zachary Taylor (‘Old Rough and Ready’) at the Angostura Pass in Mexico and demanded an immediate surrender. Taylor refused, reported to reply, “Tell him to go to hell,” and early the next morning Santa Anna dispatched some 15,000 troops to move against the 5,000 Americans. The superior US artillery was able to halt one of the two advancing Mexican divisions. By the afternoon Taylor had lived up to his word as the Mexicans began to withdraw.
1857Feb 22Lord Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout Movement, was born in London.
1860Feb 22Shoe-making workers of Lynn, Mass, struck successfully for higher wages. The strike in Lynn and Natick, Massachusetts, spread throughout New England and involved 20,000 workers. The strike was for higher wages and included women. The workers won their major demands.
1861Feb 22Jefferson Davis was sworn in as the permanent president of the Confederate States of America on Washington’s birthday. Davis was sworn in as president of the Confederacy in Richmond, Va., following his inauguration in Alabama on Feb 18.
1864Feb 22-27Battle at Dalton, Georgia.
1865Feb 22Federal troops captured Wilmington, N.C. (Fort Anderson).
1865Feb 22Tennessee adopted a new constitution abolishing slavery.
1879Feb 22Frank Winfield Woolworth’s ‘nothing over five cents’ shop opened at Utica, New York. It was the first chain store.
 1888Feb 22John Reid of Scotland demonstrated golf to Americans at Yonkers, NY. Reid converted his lawn to six hole for golf in Yonkers N.Y., the first golf course in the US.
1889Feb 22President Cleveland signed a bill to admit the Dakotas, Montana and Washington state to the Union. The “omnibus bill” was an act dividing the Dakota Territory into the states of North and South Dakota, and enabling the two Dakotas to formulate constitutions. A constitutional convention was held at Bismarck beginning July 4, 1889. A constitution was formulated and submitted to a vote of the people of the State of North Dakota on October1, 1889, and was adopted
1891Feb 22“Chico” Marx, actor, comedian (Marx Brothers, Animal Crackers), was born in NYC
1892Feb 22“Lady Windermere’s Fan,” a melodrama by Oscar Wilde, was first performed, at St. James Theater in London. It was about suspected infidelity.
1898Feb 22A black postmaster was lynched and his wife and 3 daughters were shot in Lake City, SC.
1900Feb 22Hawaii became a US territory.
1902Feb 22A fistfight broke out in the US Senate. Senator Benjamin Tillman, a white supremacist, suffered a bloody nose for accusing his fellow South Carolina Senator John McLaurin of bias on the Philippine tariff issue.
1903Feb 22Hugo Wolf (b.1860), Austrian composer of Slovene origin, died. He is particularly noted for his German art songs, or Lieder.
1905Feb 22Japan 1st claimed the volcanic islets they called Takeshima, located between Japanand Korea, where they are known as Tokdo (Dokdo). Japan illegally incorporated Dokdo as its territory through an administrative measure of one of its prefectures.
1907Feb 22The 1st cabs with taxi meters began operating in London.
1909Feb 22The Great White Fleet returned to Norfolk, Va., from an around-the-world show of naval power. 1st US fleet to circle the globe.
1910Feb 22In San Francisco the Sierra Club, under the leadership of Prof. A.G. McAdie, named 2 peaks of the Sutro Forest. The loftiest peak in the city was named Mount Davidson in honor of noted English-born geographer George Davidson (1825-1911), and the other Sutro Crest, in honor of former mayor and philanthropist Adolph Sutro.
1911Feb 22Canadian Parliament voted to preserve the union with the British Empire.
1915Feb 22Germany began “unrestricted” submarine warfare.
1918Feb 22Germany claimed the Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia
1920Feb 22The 1st artificial rabbit was used ata dog race track in Emeryville, Calif.
 1921Feb 22Jean-Bedel Bokassa, dictator Central African Republic, was born.
1922Feb 18Pres. Harding signed the Capper-Volstead Act. It exempted farmers from federal antitrust laws permitting them to share prices and orchestrate supply
1923Feb 221st successful chinchilla farm established in US was in LA, Calif.
1924Feb 22Columbia University declared radio education a success.(HN, 2/22/98)
1925Feb 22Edward Gorey, American writer and illustrator, was born.
1925Feb 22Gerard Hoffnung, artist, humorist, musician (Hoffnung Music Festival), was born in Berlin, Germany.
1926Feb 22Pope Pius rejected Mussolini’s offer of aid to the Vatican.
1928Feb 22Australian Bert Hinkler ended his 11,250-mile adventure in Darwin, Australia, after flying 128 hours in less than 16 days. The unassuming Hinkler’s grueling flight was little noted by the press until he reached India, then the world press got caught up in the drama of another “Lone Eagle” performance so soon after Charles A. Lindbergh’s transatlantic flight. As he plotted a course across Asia and the Timor Sea using a London Times atlas as his navigational chart, a newspaper editor dubbed him “Hustling Hinkler,” a nickname later immortalized by the American Tin Pan Alley hit song, “Hustling Hinkler Up in the Sky.”
1929Feb 22Marni Nixon, singer (for Audrey Hepburn, Natalie Wood & Deborah Kerr), was born.
1932Feb 22Edward Kennedy, Massachusetts Senator, was born. He was the brother of John F. Kennedy who championed the poor.
1934Feb 22The romantic comedy “It HappenedOne Night,” starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, opened at New York’s Radio City Music Hall.
1935Feb 22All plane flights over the White House were barred because they disturbed President Roosevelt’s sleep.
1937Feb 22Samuel Whitbread, English brewer, multi-millionaire, was born.
1940Feb 22German air force sank 2 German destroyers killing 578.
1941Feb 22IG Farben started building Buna-Werke in the Auschwitz extermination camp.
1942Feb 22President Franklin Roosevelt ordered Gen. Douglas MacArthur to leave the Philippines
1943Feb 22In Germany Christoph Probst (22), Hans (24) and Sophie Scholl (21), student members of the Die Weisse Rose (White Rose) resistance, were executed by the Nazis.
 1944Feb 22Jonathan Demme, film director (The Silence of the Lambs, Philadelphia), was born in Baldwin, NY.
1946Feb 22George Kennan (1904-2005) sent his “Long Telegram,” actually 5 separate cables, from Moscow to the US State Dept. in Washington explaining that the Soviet regime was among other things fundamentally insecure, opposed to the US, and held designs on the world for violent destabilization. This led to America’s redesign of its foreign policy to contain Soviet hostility firmly over the long term.
1948Feb 22An Arab bomb attack in Jerusalem killed 50 people.
1951Feb 22The Atomic Energy Commission disclosed information about the first atom-powered airplane.
1952Feb 22French forces evacuated Hoa Binh in Indochina.
1954Feb 22U.S. was to install 60 Thor nuclear missiles in Britain
1956Feb 22The US Montgomery Boycott sparked arrests that included Martin Luther King. He was found guilty on March 22 and ordered to pay a$500 fine
1961Feb 22The Broadway play “Come Blow Your Horn” by Neil Simon opened at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre.
1963Feb 22Moscow warned the U.S. that an attack on Cuba would mean war.
1967Feb 22More than 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launched Operation Junction City, aimed at smashing a Vietcong stronghold near the Cambodian border.
1972Feb 22President Nixon met with Mao Tse-tung in Peking and Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in Beijing. In 2006 Margaret McMillan authored “Seize the Hour: When Nixon Met Mao
1973Feb 22The United States and Communist China agreed to establish liaison offices
1974Feb 22Pakistan officially recognized Bangladesh.
1976Feb 22Sandra Camille found her husband, David Stegall, a Dallas dentist, dead with slashed wrists and a bullet in the left temple. Sandra collected insurance and re-married 2 years later to Bobby Bridewell, who died of cancer 2 years later. After 2 more years Sandra married Alan Rehrig (29). He was found shot dead in 1985, and Sandra again collected insurance. Sandra embarked on a series offrauds and in 2007 at age 62 was held in North Carolina pending investigations into her past.
1978Feb 22The US Dept. of Defense launched the 1st of a constellation of satellites that later made the backbone of the Global Positioning System (GPS). Ivan A. Getting (1912-2003), a military scientist, conceived the idea and Bradford Parkin son of Stanford helped implement the system.
1979Feb 22St. Lucia gained full independence from Britain and Sir John Compton became the first prime minister
1980Feb 22Afghanistan declared martial law following a major uprising in Kabul.
1982Feb 22Alan C. Nelson (1933-1997) became US Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization (INS) and served to 1989. In 1994 he co-authored California’s Proposition 187, an initiative to deny health and education benefits to illegal immigrants.
1983Feb 22Harold Washington (1922-1987) won Chicago’s Democratic mayoral primary.
1984Feb 22A 12-year-old Houston boy known publicly only as “David,” died 15 days after being removed from the bubble for a bone-marrow transplant. He had spent most his life in a plastic bubble because he had no immunity to disease.
1986Feb 22In the Philippines a group of military officers mutinied against Pres. Marcos and holed him up with a small force at a military camp in Manila, leading to three days of protests by hundreds of thousands of citizens that finally toppled him. The Catholic Church’s call for civil disobedience helped to overthrow the dictatorship of Marcos.
1987Feb 22The Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors of six major industrial countries (Canada, France, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, United States, G6) met in Paris and agreed in the Louvre Accord to bring down the value of the dollar
1989Feb 22Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini, who hadsentenced author Salman Rushdie to death, said economic sanctions would not change his stance, and that publication of Rushdie’s “The Satanic Verses” was a sign from God that Iran should not reach out to the West.
1990Feb 22Former President Reagan’s videotaped testimony for the trial of former national security adviser John Poindexter was released in Washington; in his deposition, Reagan said he never had “any inkling” his aides were secretly arming the Nicaraguan Contrast.
1991Feb 22President Bush and America’s Gulf War allies gave Iraq 24 hours to begin withdrawing from Kuwait, or face a final all-out attack. Iraq denounced the “shameful” US ultimatum, aligning itself with a Soviet peace plan the US had rejected.
1992Feb 22President Bush renewed his attack on a Democratic tax plan, saying in a radio address that congressional Democrats were choosing “politics over duty.
1993Feb 22The UN passed Resolution 808 that established the Hague Int’l. War Crimes Tribunalfor the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1 January 1991
1994Feb 22The Justice Department charged 31-year CIA counterintelligence veteran Aldrich H. Ames and his wife, Rosario, with selling national security secrets to the Soviet Union. He passed information from 1985 to 1994 that included the names of US agents. Ames was later sentenced to life in prison; his wife received a 5-year term. Ames’ disclosures led to the execution of at least 10 FBI-recruited Soviet and Warsaw Pact agents.
1995Feb 22Ed Flanders (b.1934), actor (Dr West hall-St Elsewhere), committed suicide an American diplomats and a fifth U.S. citizen of spying, and asked them to leave the country.
1996Feb 22President Clinton announced he would nominate Alan Greenspan to a third term as chairman of the Federal Reserve.
1997Feb 22The new welfare law in the US put tens of thousands of people off of food stamps as of today. The new law stated that adults under age 50 without children or jobs could only receive food stamps for 3 months in any 3-year period. The law authorized states to contract with private companies to provide welfare services.
1998Feb 22Revival of “King & I,” closed at Neil Simon Theater in NYC after 781 performances
1999Feb 22The Pinkerton detective agency was sold to the Swedish company Securitas AB for$384 million.
2000Feb 22Sen. John McCain beat Gov. George W. Bush in the Michigan primary 50-43% andin the Arizona primary 60-30%.
2001Feb 22President Bush held his first full-fledged presidential news conference, in which he defended his tax-cutting and budget-tightening plans and gave FBI director Louis Freeh a vote of confidence following the arrest of veteran agent Robert Hanssen on spying charges
2002Feb 22An Alabama jury found Monsanto and its corporate successors (Solutia Inc.) guilty of releasing tons of PCBs in Anniston between 1935-1979. In 2004 some 18,447 plaintiffs were scheduled to an average of $7,725, while 27 lawyers were scheduled to receive over $4 million each.
2003Feb 22Pres. Bush told Spain’s PM Aznar that nations like Mexico, Angola, Chile and Cameroon must know that the security of the United States is at stake. Bush threatened nations with retaliation if they did not vote for a UN resolution backing the Iraq war. A transcript of a meeting on this day, one month before the US-led invasion of Iraq, was published in the El Pais daily in 2007
2004Feb 22The final TV episode of “Sex and the City” aired after a 6-season run
2005Feb 22A Virginia man was charged with plotting with al-Qaida to kill President Bush. Ahmed Omar Abu Ali was convicted on all counts in November 2005
2006Feb 22In Lincoln, Nebraska, 8 workers at ameat processing plant claimed the record $365 million Powerball jackpot
2007Feb 22The Bush administration announced its plan to have US inspectors oversee Mexican trucking companies that carry cargo acrossthe border.  Mexico responded to the US announcement by saying it will allow trucks from 100 US companies to travel across the border. The news that Mexican trucks will be allowed to haul freight deeper into the US drew an angry reaction thenext day from labor leaders, safety advocates and members of Congress
2008Feb 22Arizona Republican Rep. Rick Renziwas indicted on charges of extortion, wire fraud, money laundering and other matters in an Arizona land swap scam that allegedly helped him collect hundreds of thousands of dollars in payoffs.
2009Feb 22The film “Slumdog Millionaire,” a tale of hope amid adversity and squalor in Mumbai, came away with 8 Oscars, including best picture anddirector for Danny Boyle. Sean Penn won his second best-actor Oscar, this one for playing slain gay-rights pioneer Harvey Milk in “Milk,” while Kate Winslet took best actress for “The Reader,” in which she plays a former concentration camp guard. HeathLedger (d.2008) won as best supporting actor in “The Dark Knight”; Penelope Cruz won as best supporting actress for “Vicky Cristina Barcelona
2010Feb 22A UN report said sales of household electrical gadgets will boom across the developing world in the next decade, wreaking environmental havoc if there are no new strategies to deal with the discarded TVs, cell phones and computers.
2011Feb 22Rahm Emanuel, former White House Chief of Staff from Pres. Obama, was elected mayor of Chicago, overwhelming five rivals.
2012Feb 22Pres. Obama and others took part in the formal groundbreaking for the National Museum of African American History and Culture on the National Mall, scheduled to open in 2015.
2013Feb 22Pres. Obama said that about 100 US troops have been sent to Niger to help set up a new base for Predator aircraft surveillance.
2014Feb 22A barge ran into a towboat on the Mississippi River near Vancherie, La. A 65-mile stretch of the river was closed to traffic for a day as crews cleaned up some 31,500 gallons of spilled oil.
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Credit: Timelines of History

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