457Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A Thracian officer by the name of Leo was proclaimed as emperor of the East by the army general, Aspar, on the death of the Emperor Marcian.
590Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pelagius II, Gothic Pope (579-90), died from plague.
1249Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Christburg Peace Treaty forced the Prussians to recognize the rule of the Teutonic Knights. Within about 50 years the Teutonic Knights and Knights of the Cross had overcome most of Prussia and established German as the dominant culture and language. The German orders then turned to Lithuania.
(H of L, 1931, p.25) (LHC, 2/7/03)
1301Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) became the 1st prince of Wales.
1478Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Sir Thomas Moore (d.1535), English humanist, statesman and writer, was born in London. He was best friend of Erasmus, and called by Erasmus: “a man for all seasons.” He studied law and rose to the post of lord chancellor after the fall of Cardinal Wolsey. More would not accept Henry VIII’s divorce from Catherine of Aragon nor his subsequent marriage to Anne Boleyn. The king had charges of treason filed and More was beheaded on July 6, 1535. He was canonized in 1935. The 1966 film “A man for All Seasons” was based on his life. He is famous for “Utopia.”
(V.D.-H.K.p.160) (CU, 6/87) (WUD, 1994, p.931) (HN, 2/7/99)
1497Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Followers of the priest Girolamo Savonarola collected and publicly burned thousands of objects in Florence, Italy, on the Shrove Tuesday festival. Tom Wolfe’s 1997 novel, “The Bonfire of the Vanities,” makes reference to the original event, but is not a retelling of the story.
1522Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish and Austrian Branches.
1569Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, King Philip II ordered the inquisition in South America.
1609Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ferdinand I, cardinal, ruler of Tuscany, died.
1612Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Thomas Killigrew, English humorist, playwright, leader (King’s Men), was born.
1639Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Academie Francaise began its Dictionary of French Language.
1668Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, English King William III danced in the premiere of “Ballet of Peace.”
1668Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Netherlands, England and Sweden concluded an alliance directed against Louis XIV of France.
1693Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Anna Ivanova Romanova, empress of Russia (1730-40) [NS], was born.
1710Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, William Boyce, English organist, composer of Cathedral music, was born.
1739Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Joseph Pouteau, composer, was born.
1740Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl, general, MP, was born.
1743Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Lodovico Giustini (57), composer, died.
1749Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Andre Cardinal Destouches (76), composer, died.
1752Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Publication, sale and distribution of the 1st 2 volumes of the Encyclopedie were summarily forbidden by order of King Louis XV. Chretien de Malesherbes, the French director of publications, managed to broker a compromise that included a layer of censorship and a 3rd volume was published by the end of 1753.
(ON, 4/05, p.9)
1779Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, William Boyce (67), composer, died. [see Feb 16]
1799Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, China’s Emperor Qianlong (b.1711) died. He was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China (1735-1796).
1783Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Siege of Gibraltar, pursued by the Spanish and the French since July 24, 1779, was finally lifted. [see Sep 13, 1782]
(HN, 2/7/99) (ON, 7/01, p.10)
1784Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Iceland the Lakagicar (Laki) volcano ceased its eruptions. Smoke from the 8 months of eruptions caused one of the longest and coldest winters in Europe. [see Jun 8, 1783]
(ON, 2/04, p.10)
1792Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Cimarosa’s opera “Il Matrimonio Segreto,” premiered in Vienna.
1795Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The 11th Amendment to US Constitution was ratified.
1801Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, John Rylands, merchant, philanthropist, was born in England.
1804Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, John Deere, farm equipment manufacturer, was born.
1812Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Charles Dickens, English novelist, was born in Portsmouth, England. His stories reflected life in Victorian England. In his novel “Dombey & Son,” Dickens confronted the subject of money, and its use as a measure of success. His work also included “Master Humphrey’s Clock,” published in installments like most of his novels. The closing line of A Christmas Carol: “And so, as Tiny Tim observed, God Bless Us, Every One!” Some of his more famous novels include “Oliver Twist” and “A Tale of Two Cities.”
(SFC, 6/17/97, p.E3) (AP, 2/7/97) (HN, 2/7/99)
1812Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Lord Byron made his maiden speech in House of Lords.
1818Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The first successful U.S. educational magazine, Academician, began publication in New York City.
1820Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Samuel Adams Holyoke (57/58), composer, died.
1827Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ballet (Deserter) was introduced to US at Bowery Theater in NYC.
1827Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Franz Anton Dimmler (73), composer, died.
1831Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The first Belgian Constitution was ratified.
1836Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The essays “Sketches by Boz” were published by Charles Dickens.
1837Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Sir James Augustus Henry Murray, Scottish lexicographer and editor, was born. He created the Oxford Dictionary.
(HN, 2/7/01) (MC, 2/7/02)
1839Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Henry Clay declared in Senate “I had rather be right than president.”
1857Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A French court acquitted author Gustave Flaubert of obscenity for his serialized novel “Madame Bovary.”
1861Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The general council of the Choctaw Indian nation adopted a resolution declaring allegiance with the South “in the event a permanent dissolution of the American Union takes place.”
1862Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Bernard Maybeck (d.1957), architect, was born in NYC. He designed the Palace of Fine Arts in SF and the First Church of Christ Scientist in Berkeley.
1862Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Federal fleet attacked Roanoke Island, NC.
1864Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Federal troops occupied Jacksonville, Florida.
1865Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, John Henry Winder (b.1800), US Confederate brig-gen and provost marshal, died. He was in charge of all Union prisoners east of the Mississippi River.
1867Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Laura Ingalls Wilder, author, was born. She wrote “Little House in the Big Woods” which was basis for television’s “Little House on the Prairie.”
1870Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Alfred Adler, psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex), was born in Austria.
1871Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer, composer, was born.
1871Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Henry Steinway (b.1797), German-American piano maker, died. In 2006 James Barron authored “Piano,” a history of the development of the modern piano.
(WSJ, 7/15/06, p.P8) (http://tinyurl.com/qn6dy)
1872Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Alcorn A & M College opened.
1876Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pres Grant’s private secretary, Gen. Orville E. Babcock, was acquitted of involvement in the Whiskey Ring. The “Whiskey Ring” was a conspiracy among distillers, revenue collectors, and high federal officials to avoid taxation through fraudulent reports on whiskey production. 230 indictments were secured, but no convictions were made. Grant helped Babcock secure an acquittal for his part in the ring. This affair contributed to the reputation for corruption that Grant’s administrations acquired.
(MC, 2/7/02) (Internet)
1878Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pope Pius IX (1846-1878), Giovanni Ferretti (85), died. Revenge-seeking Italian liberals tried to dump his body into the Tiber River. He served 31 years, seven months and 22 days
(PTA, 1980, p.510) (SFC, 9/1/00, p.D4) (AP, 10/15/03)
1882Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, American pugilist John L. Sullivan became the last of the bare-knuckle world heavyweight champions with his defeat of Patty Ryan in Mississippi City.
1883Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Eubie Blake, ragtime composer, pianist (Memories of You), was born.
1885Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Sinclair Lewis (d.1951), American novelist of satire and realism, was born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota. His books include “Arrowsmith” and “Elmer Gantry.” “There are two insults which no human will endure: the assertion that he hasn’t a sense of humor, and the doubly impertinent assertion that he has never known trouble.” “Winter is not a season, it’s an occupation.”
(AP, 6/26/98) (AP, 12/22/99) (HNQ, 5/18/98) (HN, 2/7/99)
1891Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US Great Blizzard of 1891 began.
1894Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US House of Representatives passed a resolution that prevented the sending of US troops to Hawaii to restore Queen Lili’uokalani.
(ON, 11/02, p.7)
1904Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A fire in Baltimore raged for about 30 hours and destroyed more than 1,500 buildings over 80 blocks. The fired caused an estimated $80 million in damages.
(AP, 2/7/97) (SFC, 9/27/99, p.A23) (MC, 2/7/02)
1905Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ulf Svante von Euler-Chelpin, Swedish physiologist, was born.
1905Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Congress granted statehood to Oklahoma. New Mexico and Arizona were the only remaining territories. [see 1907]
1905Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Dominican Republic signed a treaty turning over customs collection to US.
1906Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Aisingyoro Henry Puyi, the last emperor of China, was born in Beijing.
(SFC, 6/11/97, p.C16) (AP, 2/7/06)
1910Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Edmond Rostand’s “Chanticleer,” premiered in Paris.
1812Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A 3rd major earthquake shook New Madrid, Missouri, and for a few hours reversed the course of the Mississippi River. [see Dec 15-16, 1811, Jan 23, 1912]
(NH, 3/1/04, p.67)
1913Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Turks lost 5,000 men in a battle with the Bulgarian army in Gallipoli.
1914Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Charlie Chaplin debuted “The Tramp” in “Kid Auto Races at Venice.”
1914Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Steel work was completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, SF.
1915Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station was received.
1915Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Fieldmarshal Paul von Hindenburg moved on Russians at Masurian Lakes.
1917Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The British steamer California was sunk off the coast of Ireland by a German U-boat.
1918Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Singapore businessman Ong Sam Leong (b.1857) died. He made a fortune out of his monopoly on the supply of coolie labor from China to phosphate mines on Christmas Island.
1920Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Oscar Brand, folk vocalist (Draw Me a Laugh), was born in Winnipeg, Canada.
1920Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Adm. Alexander Kolchak (b.1874), commander of the White Army in Siberia during the civil war that followed the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, was executed by a firing squad in Irkutsk about a month after relinquishing command of anti-Bolshevik forces. He was condemned in Soviet law as a counterrevolutionary. In 2004 efforts began to exonerate him.
1922Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, John Willard’s “Cat & the Canary,” premiered in NYC.
1924Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mussolini government exchanged diplomats with USSR.
1926Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Negro History Week, originated by Carter G. Woodson, was observed for the first time. The 2nd week in February was declared Negro History Week.
(USAT, 2/14/97, p.15A) (HN, 2/7/99)
1928Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The United States signed an arbitration treaty with France.
1928Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Australian Bert Hinkler took off from London in a two-seat Avro 581E Avian biplane on the first leg of his solo flight from England to Australia. On February 22, after flying 128 hours in less than 16 days, Hinkler’s 11,250-mile adventure ended in Darwin, Australia.
1931Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US opera, “Peter Ibbetson,” by Deems Taylor premiered at Met Opera NYC.
1931Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Amelia Earhart (33), aviatrix, married George Palmer Putnam (45), divorced heir to a publishing empire in Noank, Conn.
(SFEM, 1/25/98, p.31) (HN, 2/7/99)
1932Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Gay Talese, author (Honor Thy Father), was born.
1933Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, At a Social-Democrat meeting in Berlin thousands cheered as Marxism was pronounced dead.
1934Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, 1st contract for TVA power was in Tupelo, Miss.
1934Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Kathleen Norris, a SF Bay Area novelist based in Palo Alto, summed up a trip to Germany saying Hitler has virtually solved problems of unemployment and poverty. She said the leader was idolized everywhere as the people’s rescuer.
(SSFC, 2/1/09, p.50)
1936Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, President Roosevelt authorized a flag for the office of the vice president.
1940Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Walt Disney’s 2nd feature-length movie, “Pinocchio,” premiered in NYC.
1941Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Frank Sinatra and Tommy Dorsey Orch recorded “Everything Happens to Me.”
1943Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The government announced that shoe rationing would go into effect in two days, limiting each purchaser to three pairs for the remainder of the year.
1944Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Bing Crosby and the John Scott Trotter Orchestra recorded “Swinging on a Star” for Decca Records in Los Angeles.
1944Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Germans launched a [counteroffensive] second attack against the Allied beachhead at Anzio, Italy. They hoped to push the Allies back into the sea.
(AP, 2/7/97) (HN, 2/7/99)
1945Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US 76th and 5th Infantry divisions began crossing Sauer.
1947Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Arabs and Jews rejected a British proposal to split Palestine.
1948Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower resigned as Army chief of staff and was succeeded by Gen. Omar Bradley.
1949Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Joe DiMaggio of the NY Yankees became the 1st $100,000/year baseball player.
1950Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The United States recognized Vietnam under the leadership of Emperor Bao Dai, not Ho Chi Minh who was recognized by the Soviets.
1956Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Garth Brooks, country vocalist (No Fences), was born in Tulsa, Okla.
1958Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Brooklyn Dodgers officially became the Los Angeles Dodgers, Inc.
1959Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Castro proclaimed a new Cuban constitution.
1960Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Old handwriting was found in at Qumran, Jordan, near the Dead Sea. [see 1947]
1961Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Jane Fonda made her acting debut in the NBC drama “A String of Beads.”
1961Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Immanuel Olsvanger (b.1888), Polish-born Jewish folklorist, died in Israel.
(Econ, 5/18/13, p.87) (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immanuel_Olsvanger)
1962Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Sam Snead won the LPGA Royal Poinciano Plaza Golf Invitational.
1962Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, President Kennedy began the blockade of Cuba.
1963Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The “Mona Lisa” was unveiled at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
1964Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The British band The Beatles began their first American tour as they arrived at New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport, where they were greeted by 25,000 screaming fans.
(SFEM, 3/9/96, p.35) (AP, 2/7/97) (HN, 2/7/99)
1964Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Baskin-Robbins introduced Beatle Nut ice cream.
1965Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, U.S. jets hit Don Hoi guerrilla base in reprisal for the Viet Cong raids. Pres. Johnson ordered the bombing of North Vietnam following the deaths of 9 US soldiers near Pleiku.
(HN, 2/7/99) (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)
1965Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Cassius Clay became a Muslim and adopted the name Muhammad Ali.
1967Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Henry Morgenthau (b.1891), 52nd US secretary of the treasury, died. He served under President Franklin D. Roosevelt from January 1, 1934 to July 22, 1945.
1968Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, TheÂ Arthur Miller play “Price” premiered in NYC.
1968Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, North Vietnamese used 11 Soviet-built light tanks to overrun the US Special Forces camp at Lang Vei at the end of an 18-hour long siege.
1971Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Switzerland voted to introduce female suffrage at the federal but not the cantonal level.
(WUD, 1994, p. 1688) (AP, 2/7/01)
1974Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mel Brooks’ “Blazing Saddles” opened in movie theaters.
1974Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The island nation of Grenada won independence from Britain. This included the northern islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9) (AP, 2/7/97) (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.F4)
1975Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pres. Edward H. Levi (1911-2000), former president of the Univ. of Chicago, began serving as the attorney general under Pres. Ford.
(WSJ, 3/13/00, p.A46) (http://www-news.uchicago.edu/citations/00/000308.levi-nyt.html)
1978Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ethiopia mounted a counter attack against Somalia.
(HN, 2/7/99) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogaden_War)
1979Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Josef Mengele (b.1911), Nazi concentration camp doctor and medical experimenter, accidentally drowned in Bertioga, Brazil. He was secretly buried in another man’s grave in Brazil. [See Jun 6, 1985] In 1985 his identity was confirmed by DNA.Â (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Mengele)
1983Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Elizabeth H. Dole was sworn in as the first female secretary of transportation by Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, the first woman to sit on the US Supreme Court.
1983Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Iran opened an invasion in the southeast of Iraq.
1984Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Space shuttle astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart went on the first untethered space walk.
1985Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, “New York, New York” became the official anthem of NYC.
1985Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US drug agent Enrique “Kiki” Camarena Salazar was tortured and killed at a house in Guadalajara in the presence of a half-dozen top Mexican officials. Mexican authorities found his body on March 6 at a ranch east of Guadalajara. In 1992 Ruben Zuno Arce, the brother-in-law of former president Luis Echeverria, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. In 1989 Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo was arrested for complicity in the murder along with drug charges and sentenced to 40 years in prison. In 2000 Gallardo received a 2nd 40-year sentence for smuggling and bribery.
(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A1) (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A10) (SFC, 8/12/00, p.A11)
1986Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US female Figure Skating championship was won by Debi Thomas.
1986Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Haitian President-for-Life Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier was ousted from power and fled his country, ending 28 years of family rule. He fled to France with his wife and mother. Henri Namphy became leader of Haiti. Duvalier and his cronies reportedly embezzled some $500 million during his last decade of rule.
(TMC, 1994, p.1986) (SFC,12/31/97, p.A17) (AP, 2/7/97) (WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A1)
1986Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Philippines held a presidential election marred by charges of fraud against the incumbent, Ferdinand E. Marcos. Corazon Aquino defeated incumbent dictator Ferdinand Marcos but fraudulent returns gave the election to Marcos.
1988Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Leslie Manigat was sworn in as Haiti’s president. However, he lost power the following June.
1989Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Bowing to public outrage, both US houses of Congress voted to kill their scheduled 51 percent pay increase.
1989Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Argentina devaluation caused a wild panic in the financial district of Buenos Aires.
1990Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, An 811-foot tanker, the American Trader, spilled hundreds of thousands of gallons of Alaskan crude oil off the coast of Huntington Beach, Calif.
1990Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Judith Clancy (b.1950), SF artist, died of cancer.
1990Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Pakistan riots broke out between rival political parties and 22 people were hurt.
1990Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic annulled the acts of annexation.
1990Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Soviet Union’s Communist Party agreed to let other political parties compete for control of the country, thereby giving up its monopoly on power.
1991Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US Defense Secretary Dick Cheney and General Colin L. Powell, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, left for a visit to the Gulf War zone.
1991Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Reverend Jean-Bertrand Aristide was sworn in as Haiti’s first democratically elected president.
1992Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Former heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson testified at his rape trial in Indianapolis that his accuser, a Miss Black America contestant, had consented to having sex with him.
1992Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Treaty on the European Union was signed in Maastricht by the Foreign and Finance Ministers of the Member States.
1992Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin and French President Francois Mitterrand signed a cooperation treaty in Paris.
1993Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Commerce Secretary Ron Brown acknowledged on NBC’s “Meet the Press” that he’d failed to pay Social Security taxes for a domestic worker.
1994Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, President Clinton sent Congress his $1.5 trillion budget plan, declaring cuts in hundreds of programs would achieve a deficit-reduction record unequaled since President Truman’s administration.
1995Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ramzi Yousef, the alleged mastermind of the World Trade Center bombing, was arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan, after two years as a fugitive.
1996Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, During a Central America tour, Pope John Paul the Second received a warm welcome in Nicaragua, his first visit there since 1983.
1996Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Tamil rebels attacked Sri Lankan troops in the eastern part of the island nation. They killed 11 and lost 15 of their own fighters. The Colombo suicide bombing of last week killed 83.
(WSJ, 2/8/96, p.A-1)
1997Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mindful of Boris Yeltsin’s ailments, President Clinton agreed to shift their March summit meeting from the United States to Helsinki, Finland.
1997Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Air Force suspended all its flights in restricted training areas on the East Coast after two close calls between National Guard jets and civilian airliners.
1997Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The first day of the Chinese New Year. The year of the rat ended and the year of the ox, 4695, began.
(SFEC, 2/2/97, DB. p.7) (SFC, 2/8/97, p.A17)
1998Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Winter Olympic Games opened in Nagano, Japan.
1998Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, It was reported that the Axial Seamount undersea volcano off the coast of the Pacific Northwest was erupting 5,000 feet below sea level.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A5)
1998Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, It was reported that the 8,000 Sq. mile Larsen B ice sheet in Antarctica was breaking up due to rising global temperatures.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A5)
1998Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, It was reported that over 1200 Hooker’s sea lion pups had died in the sub-Antarctic islands south of New Zealand from an unknown disease.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A5)
1998Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Novelist Lawrence Sanders died at age 78. His debut thriller “The Anderson Tapes” launched his career, and his 38th book was due later this month.
(SFC, 2/13/98, p.D8)
1998Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Australia over 1000 defense force personnel were called to help clean up parts of the Northern Territory where the worstÂ floods in 40 years resulted from the overflowing Katherine River.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.A5)
1998Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Falco (40), Austrian born pop singer, died while on vacation in an auto crash in the Dominican Republic. His hits included “Der Kommissar,” “Rock Me Amadeus,” and “Vienna Calling.”
(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D8)
1999Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Delegates at the Kosovo peace talks agreed on principles that would keep the province within Yugoslavia for at least 3 more years.
(WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A1)
1999Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Germany the Christian Democrats won elections in Hesse state elections putting the Schroeder government short of a majority in the Bundesrat upper house.
(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A10)
1999Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Indonesia a passenger ship sank between Borneo and Sumatra with 332 people aboard. 19 were reported rescued.
(SFC, 2/11/99, p.C2)
1999Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Jordan King Hussein (63) officially died from Hodgkin’s lymphoma. He was succeeded by his eldest son, who takes the throe as Abdullah II. In 2008 “Lion of Jordan: The Life of King Hussein in War and Peace,” by Avi Shlaim was published.
(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A1) (AP, 2/7/00) (Econ, 11/24/07, p.88) (AP, 1/23/13)
1999Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Mexico the state governorship election in Baja California Sur elected Leonel Cota of the PRD to a landslide victory. The PRD lost in Guerrero and clamed fraud and campaign spending violations.
(SFC, 2/9/99, p.A8) (WSJ, 2/09/99, p.A1)
1999Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Serbian police seized ICN Pharmaceuticals in Belgrade.
(WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A1,19)
1999Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe suggested that the supreme court resign. He defended the actions of the army which had arrested and tortured 2 journalists.
(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A10)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, With an astonishing comeback to win the Pebble Beach National Pro-Am, Tiger Woods gained his sixth straight PGA Tour victory, becoming the first player since Ben Hogan in 1948 to win six in a row.
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pres. Clinton proposed a $1.84 trillion budget and called for using a projected surplus to strengthen Medicare and health insurance.
(SFC, 2/7/00, p.A3)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, An apparent team of computer hackers shut the Yahoo web site down with a “denial-of-service” attack that mimicked millions of phantom users.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A1) (AP, 2/7/01)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Doug Henning, Canadian-born magician, died in Los Angeles at age 52 from liver cancer.
(SFC, 2/9/00, p.C5) (AP, 2/7/01)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Chechnya Russian forces reported that hundreds of rebels had been killed over the last 2 days near the villages of Katyr-Yurt and Shaami-Yurt.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A14)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Croatia Stipe Mesic (65) was elected president over Drazen Budisa (51) by a 56.2 to 43.8% margin.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A14)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In England Afghan hijackers at Stansted released 8 passengers with 157 still trapped on the plane.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A12)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Indonesia 7 people were killed in Aceh province in clashed between rebels and security forces.
(SFC, 2/9/00, p.C3)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Israeli jets launched air attacks deep into Lebanon. Power was knocked out at Baalbek, headquarters of the Hezbollah, and at Beirut and Tripoli. 18 civilians were injured.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A12)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Yugoslav Defense Minister Pavle Bulatovic (51) was gunned down in a Belgrade soccer club restaurant and died later in a hospital.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A12) (AP, 2/7/01)
2000Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The UN Security Council voted to expand the peacekeeping force in Sierra Leone from 6,000 to 11,100.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A14)
2001Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Senate voted to release $582 million in dues owed the United Nations.
2001Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The space shuttle Atlantis took off with the Destiny module, a laboratory compartment, for the Int’l. Space Station.
(SFC, 2/8/01, p.A3)
2001Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Washington Robert Pickett (47), an accountant with a history of mental illness, was shot in the leg by a Secret Service agent after brandishing a hand gun outside the White House gates.
(SFC, 2/8/01, p.A1)
2001Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Dale Evans (born in 1912 as Frances Octavia Smith), singer and wife of Roy Rogers, died at age 88. Her compositions included “Happy Trails” and “The Bible Tells Me So.”
(SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2) (NW, 12/31/01, p.110)
2001Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Anne Morrow Lindbergh (b.1906), wife of Charles Lindbergh, died at age 94. In 1955 she authored “Gift From the Sea,” a meditation on women’s lives in the 20th century. In 1999 Susan Hertog authored her biography “Anne Morrow Lindbergh.”
(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26) (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2) (NW, 12/31/01, p.108)
2001Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pres. Aristide took power in Haiti for a 2nd term and offered a series of national reforms with plans for new schools, roads, electricity systems and an independent court in each of the country’s 565 townships.
(SFC, 2/8/01, p.C3) (AP, 2/11/04)
2001Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Israel Ariel Sharon signaled an end to the peace process begun in 1993 in Oslo and planned something in the spirit of Oslo on an interim level.
(SFC, 2/8/01, p.A12)
2002Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pres. Bush met with Israel’s PM Sharon and said he would continue to press the Palestinian Authority to crack down on terrorism. Bush rebuffed a plea to sever ties with Arafat.
(SFC, 2/8/02, p.A8) (WSJ, 2/8/02, p.A1)
2002Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Bush administration allowed Geneva accords to cover Taliban fighters but not members of al Qaeda.
(SFC, 2/8/02, p.A1)
2002Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A US federal court ruled that it is unconstitutional to sentence a felon to 25 years to life for shoplifting, which was allowed under the California “three strikes law.”
(SFC, 2/8/02, p.A1)
2002Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Former Enron chief executive Jeffrey Skilling insisted to skeptical lawmakers that he knew of nothing improper about the complex web of partnerships that brought down the company.
2002Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Authorities in Oklahoma captured the last of four escaped prison inmates from Texas who’d been on the run for more than a week.
2002Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Liberia rebel forces, Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy, attacked Klay Junction 25 miles north of Monrovia.
(SFC, 2/9/02, p.A3)
2003Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, President Bush courted the leaders of France and China in an uphill struggle to win U.N. backing for war with Iraq.
2003Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US moved its terror alert status to orange, the 2nd highest level. Attorney General John Ashcroft said the government had received intelligence information, corroborated by multiple sources, that Osama bin Laden’s terror organization sought to attack Americans at home or abroad during the annual hajj pilgrimage to the holy Saudi city of Mecca.
2003Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Garry Kasparov (39), chess master, played to a 3-3 tie against the Deep Junior computer program.
(SFC, 2/8/03, p.A2)
2003Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Tom Christerson (71), the longest-living recipient of a fully self-contained artificial heart, died at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Ky., after 512 days on the AbioCor.
2003Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Chechen rebel attacks and land mines killed 10 soldiers and police over the last 24 hours.
2003Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Bogota, Colombia, a car bomb tore through the El Nogal social club, killing 36 people, wounding 162. FARC rebels were blamed.
(AP, 2/8/03) (SFC, 2/8/03, p.A12) (AP, 2/7/04)
2003Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Three Tamil Tiger rebels blew up their boat, killing themselves, after they were found trying to smuggle an anti-aircraft gun and hundreds of rounds of ammunition into Sri Lanka.
2004Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, John Kerry scored decisive wins in Michigan and Washington state Democratic presidential primaries.
2004Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Haiti police reinforcements fought bloody battles with gunmen as they tried to retake Gonaives from rebels who seized it. At least 7 police and 2 militants were killed.
2004Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, An Israeli helicopter fired a missile into a car traveling in a crowded Gaza City street, killing Aziz Mahmoud Shami, a leader of the militant Islamic Jihad group and a 12-year-old boy on his way to school. The attack wounded 10 Palestinians, three of them critically.
2004Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In northern Kenya tribal fighting between cattle rustlers and herdsmen killed at least 13 people, including three children.
2004Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Nearly 400 members of Yasser Arafat’s ruling Fatah Party resigned to protest what they call corruption and bad leadership within the group.
2004Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Sri Lanka’s president dissolved parliament, paving the way for elections nearly three years ahead of schedule.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pres. Bush proposed a $2.57 trillion budget that would slash domestic programs including entitlements such as Medicaid, farm subsidies and veterans benefits. The budget would worsen federal deficits by $42 billion over the next five years.
(SFC, 2/8/05, p.A1) (AP, 2/7/06)
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Defrocked priest Paul Shanley, the most notorious figure in the sex scandal that rocked the Boston Archdiocese, was convicted of repeatedly raping and fondling a boy at his church during the 1980s. Shanley was sentenced to 12 to 15 years in prison.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, IBM, Toshiba and Sony disclosed the architectural design of a new, jointly developed, multi-core processor called the Cell.
(Econ, 2/12/05, p.77) (www.linuxdevices.com/news/NS2972427392.html)
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Australia’s central bank warned that interest rates, stable at 5.25 percent since December 2003, may be raised within months amid signs of renewed inflationary pressures.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Cuba began an island-wide ban on smoking in public places such as stores, theaters, and office buildings.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In England and Wales new laws came into effect that allow pubs, clubs and other drinking venues to apply to stay open 24 hours a day.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ellen MacArthur (28) of Britain completed her solo sail around the world in just over 71 days and 14 hours, shaving 32 hours off the previous record.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The EU head office called for closer coordination among all member governments to hunt down and prosecute those illegally spreading unsolicited e-mails, or spam, across the 25-nation bloc.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Insurgents struck at Iraqi police forces with a suicide bomb, a car bomb and mortars in the cities of Mosul and Baqouba, killing 31 people.
(AP, 2/7/05) (SFC, 2/8/05, p.A6)
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US troops manning a checkpoint found 4 Egyptian technicians who had been kidnapped the previous day in Baghdad, freeing them and arresting some of the abductors.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, John Githongo, Kenya president’s adviser on corruption, stepped down. The US in response quickly suspended $2.5 million in funding for anti-corruption work.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pakistan, as part of a peace deal in south Waziristan, paid 4 tribal militants a total of $842,000 so they could pay back money received from al Qaeda to fight Pakistani troops.
(WSJ, 2/10/05, p.A10)
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In the Philippines hundreds of armed followers of a jailed former Muslim rebel leader attacked government troops and occupied at least one army detachment on violent southern Jolo island, sparking clashes that killed at least 12 soldiers.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A Saudi woman was beheaded after she was convicted of murdering her mother-in-law. Noura bint Khalaf al-Harbi was found guilty of setting her mother-in-law, Noura bint Salem al-Harbi, on fire as she slept following a dispute.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Spain launched an immigrant amnesty program. As many as 800,00 new residency permits were expected.
(WSJ, 2/7/05, p.A16)
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Sri Lanka E. Koushalyan, the LTTE’s political wing leader for the eastern province, was killed in an ambush along with four other senior rebels and former Tamil legislator Chandra Nehru. Military officials said they suspected the attack was carried out by a breakaway faction of the Tamil Tigers led by the former number two in the leadership, known as Karuna.
(AP, 2/8/05) (Econ, 2/26/05, p.40)
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Faure Gnassingbe was sworn in as president of Togo, two days after the death of his father.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan suspended the head of the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq and a senior official who dealt with contracts, following an independent investigation that accused them of misconduct.
2005Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The freighter M/V Joekulfell sank in the North Atlantic off the Faeroe Islands, killing four crewmembers and leaving two others missing. Five were rescued by helicopter. The Samskip company owned the Isle of Man-flagged vessel. The vessel departed from the Latvian port of Liepaja and was headed to Iceland.
(AP, 2/8/05) (http://tinyurl.com/cdza7)
2006 Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US Dept. of Defense submitted a budget request for $439.3 billion for FY 2007. This was over 7% more than for FY 2006.
(Econ, 2/11/06, p.29)(http://tinyurl.com/rvmbl)
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US federal Judge Kathryn Ferguson penalized the law firm of Gilbert, Heintz & Randolph $13 million for conflicts of interest while working on the Congoleum asbestos bankruptcy, while at the same time representing some 10,000 people with asbestos claims against the New Jersey flooring manufacturer.
(WSJ, 4/24/06, p.B1)(http://tinyurl.com/lg4qf)
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Phoenix Coyotes assistant coach Rick Tocchet was charged with financing a nationwide gambling ring based out of New Jersey.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, SF Supervisor Chris Daly placed a resolution on the board’s consent calendar calling for the impeachment of Pres. Bush and VP Cheney.
(SFC, 2/8/06, p.B1)
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Alabama state officials reported four more rural Baptist churches following rash of suspected arsons that burned five others south of Birmingham last week [see Feb 3].
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Nevada’s State Gaming Control Board sent a letter to casinos expressing concern about “gangster rap.”
(WSJ, 3/28/06, p.A1)
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, General Motors Corp., under shareholder pressure to return to profitability, announced it is cutting in half its yearly dividend to $1 a share and reducing the salaries of its chairman and senior leadership team.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Microsoft said it will offer a new security service to PC users for $49.95 per year.
(SFC, 2/8/06, p.C3)
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In southern Afghanistan a suspected suicide bomber blew up a guard post outside police headquarters in Kandahar, killing 13 people and wounded 11.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In western Afghanistan a Turkish engineer, an Indian national and their driver were killed when a bomb struck their vehicle.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, NATO peacekeepers exchanged fire with protesters who attacked their base in the second straight day of violent demonstrations in Afghanistan over the publication of caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad. One demonstrator was killed and dozens wounded.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mario Condello (53), an Australian underworld figure due to face court on incitement to murder charges, was shot dead in his driveway overnight, bringing the toll in a gangland war to 28. Melbourne’s gang war began in 1998 when self-styled “Godfather” Alphonse Gangitano, 40, was shot dead in his laundry.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales asked the US to reconsider a proposed cut in anti-drug aid, and called on the world to strengthen drug-fighting alliances.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Indians from Brazil and four other South American countries called for the “resurrection” of an Indian nation, the 250th anniversary of the killing of a tribal chief by European soldiers.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A British jury convicted firebrand Muslim cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri of inciting followers to kill non-Muslims in speeches at his London mosque, which has been linked to Sept. 11 plotter Zacarias Moussaoui and “shoe bomber” Richard Reid.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Officials in Canada announced an agreement to close 5 million acres in British Columbia’s Great Bear Rain Forest to logging. Loggers will be guaranteed a right to selectively cut in 10 million acres of the forest.
(SFC, 2/7/06, p.A6)
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, An apparent gas explosion destroyed a two-story military barracks in Chechnya, killing at least two people and injuring 32.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, An aid group that provides food to tens of thousands of people in war-ravaged Chechnya suspended its operations after Chechen officials banned all Danish organizations because of the publication of Prophet Muhammad cartoons.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ramon Isaza (65), a founder of Colombia’s anti-rebel paramilitary movement, laid down his weapon, ending nearly three decades of outlawed, jungle warfare. Isaza was joined by 990 fighters from his Medio Magdalena Bloc of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, or AUC, handing over 754 weapons, 15 vehicles and abundant munitions.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Costa Rican electoral officials began counting votes by hand in a laborious effort to determine the winner of one of the country’s closest presidential races in history.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Germany Mounir el Motassadeq (31), a Moroccan convicted of belonging to a terrorist cell that included three Sept. 11 hijackers, was freed from prison after a federal court ruled he shouldn’t be jailed with appeals still pending.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Haitians jammed polling stations as UN peacekeepers fanned out to guard the country’s first presidential election in nearly six years.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Indonesia scientists exploring an isolated jungle in remote Papua province reported the discovery of dozens of new species of frogs, butterflies and plants, as well as mammals hunted to near extinction elsewhere.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A prominent Iranian newspaper said it would hold a competition for cartoons on the Holocaust to test whether the West extends the principle of freedom of expression to the Nazi genocide as it did to the caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Masked gunmen assassinated a Sunni Arab cleric who headed the city council in once-restive city of Fallujah, and two bombs exploded minutes apart near a central Baghdad square, killing at least seven people and wounding 20.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Ivory Coast the UN was due to enforce sanctions on three political leaders judged to have blocked a peace process.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Kuwait’s new Emir Sheik Sabah Al Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah (76) turned to his brother, Sheik Nawwaf Al Ahmed Al Sabah (68), as the new crown prince and successor to the throne. Sheik Nasser Al Mohammed Al Sabah (65) was appointed PM and directed to form a new government.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The owner of a Mexican newspaper in Nuevo Laredo said there will be no more investigative coverage of drug gangs, a day after the paper’s offices were sprayed with bullets and a reporter hospitalized with five gunshots.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Nepal Communist rebels killed at least seven security forces and wounded 15 in two overnight attacks. Government troops were given orders to shoot anyone who tries to disrupt municipal elections.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A ship with 2,000 tons of donated rice from India arrived in North Korea. The Indian government has donated humanitarian aid, including food and medicine, to North Korea on nine occasions since 1995.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Russia announced that it would pay off a big chunk of its sovereign debt ahead of schedule this year. Russia also announced plans to forgive $668 million owed to Moscow by 16 of the world’s highly indebted countries.
(WSJ, 2/8/06, p.A6)
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, It was reported that Russia’s Yukos oil company, which says it owes $6.3 billion in back tax claims, has sold a 49 percent stake in Slovak pipeline operator Transpetrol for $105 million, to Russia’s Russneft oil company.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, South Korean conglomerate Samsung Group said it would donate more than $800 million in corporate and private assets to charity as part of an apology for several recent scandals.
2006Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Chandrika Kumaratunga, Sri Lanka’s former president (1994-2005), returned her expensive retirement gift, a 1.5 acre (0.68 hectare) area of land near the national parliament to the state, after legal action was filed against her.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Washington Post reported that President George W. Bush has approved plans for the US Treasury Department to block US commercial bank transactions connected to Sudan’s government, including those involving oil revenue.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced its approval of sales of Alli, a reduced-strength version of the prescription diet drug Xenical. The first diet pill for over the counter sale hit stores June 15.
(AP, 2/8/07) (SFC, 6/14/07, p.A1)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Indictments were filed in New Jersey against 3 US Army Reserve officers for taking part in a bid-rigging scam that steered millions of dollars for Iraq reconstruction to a contractor in exchange for cash, luxury cars and jewelry.
(SFC, 2/8/07, p.A12)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In SF Mayor Gavin Newsom met with Lithuania’s Pres. Valdas Adamkus at the Fairmont Hotel following an address at the World Affairs Council. Pres. Adamkus, accompanied by a Lithuanian business delegation, was here for a one week visit seeking US trade opportunities and potential investors.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Blowing snow and intense cold was blamed for two more deaths, a total of 13 nationwide since the cold settled in, and kept schools closed for a second and in some cases a third day across much of Ohio and West Virginia.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Chicago Equity Office Properties (EOP), America’s largest commercial landlord, accepted a cash offer from The Blackstone Group, a private equity firm that valued the company at nearly $39 billion (including debt).
(Econ, 2/10/07, p.80)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Austrian authorities said they have uncovered a major international child pornography ring involving more than 2,360 suspects from 77 countries, including hundreds in the United States, who paid to view videos of young children being sexually abused.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A twin-engine plane crashed in Brazil’s Amazon jungle, killing all six people aboard.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Six people were hurt by a third letter bomb in three days aimed at British motoring-related organizations and police are investigating if the attacks are part of a coordinated campaign.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Aron Groiss, director of research at the Center for Monitoring the Impact of Peace, presented a study in London saying textbooks used in Iran’s schools are instilling students with hatred toward the West, especially the United States, and urging them to become “martyrs” in a global holy war against countries perceived to be enemies of Islam.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Canada’s Nortel Networks Corp. said it will slash 2,900 jobs, or 8.5 percent of its workforce, over the next two years and shift another 1,000 employees to lower-cost locations like China, India and Mexico as North America’s biggest maker of telephone equipment struggles to shore up its profits.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In central China an overcrowded passenger vehicle returning from a wedding party plunged off a cliff, killing 16 members of an extended family.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Colombia’s top court ruled that gay couples, who have lived together for more than 2 years, should have the same rights to shared assets as heterosexual couples. The decision by the Constitutional Court marked the first recognition of gay couples’ rights in Colombia.
(AP, 2/9/07) (Econ, 3/10/07, p.34)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Georgia signed a regional cooperation agreement with Azerbaijan and Turkey which included plans for a railway connecting the three countries.
(WSJ, 2/28/07, p.A6) (http://tinyurl.com/2gbbgg)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, At least 15 people were killed in attacks across Iraq, including two employees of the government-funded Iraqi Media Network in Baghdad. A female census worker was shot to death while she was riding to work with her husband in the northern city of Mosul.Â A Sea Knight CH-46 helicopter went down northwest of Baghdad, the fifth helicopter lost in Iraq in just over two weeks. All 7 aboard were killed. Four US Marines were killed in fighting in Anbar province from wounds sustained due to enemy action in two separate incidents. Another 3 US soldiers were killed in fighting Anbar province.
(AP, 2/7/07) (AP, 2/8/07)(AP, 2/9/07)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, An Italian judge ordered a U.S. soldier to stand trial in absentia for the fatal shooting of an Italian intelligence agent at a checkpoint in Baghdad on March 4, 2005.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Michel Niaucel, a French diplomat with the European Union in Ivory Coast, was shot to death in his home overnight. Niaucel was in charge of West Africa security operations for the EU.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe pledged to regain four disputed northern islands from Russia, saying it was time to end the bickering between Tokyo and Moscow over the prime fishing grounds.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US Embassy issued a travel advisory saying violent crime was on the increase in Kenya.
(SSFC, 2/11/07, p.G2)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Mozambique government said floods have killed 29 people and wrecked thousands of homes after torrential rain and hurricanes swept through the country in the past two weeks.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Gunmen seized a French oil worker in Nigeria’s restive southern petroleum-producing region. Kidnappers there also seized a woman from the Philippines. Kidnappers released a British oil-worker after the man taken in a raid last month fell ill. President Olusegun Obasanjo called for a high-level meeting to address the violence.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Russia’s defense minister laid out an ambitious plan for building new intercontinental ballistic missiles, nuclear submarines and possibly aircraft carriers.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Saudi Arabia rival Palestinian leaders began open-ended talks in Mecca optimistic that they could reach an agreement to end their bloody street battles and resume the peace process with Israel.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Somalia doctors said a cholera outbreak has killed more than 115 people and hospitalized 724 in towns where people were forced to use contaminated water from a flooded river.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In South Africa Chin’s President Hu Jintao promised to increase imports from Africa, responding to fears about the trade deficit that increased as China pumped unprecedented aid, investment and loans into the poor but resource-rich continent.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Spanish Civil Guard said authorities have arrested 52 people in a major crackdown on a suspected ring of antiquities looters from dozens of sites in southern Spain.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Sri Lanka Selliah Parameswar, a Hindu priest who welcomed President Mahinda Rajapakse to a former guerrilla bastion, was dragged out of his house in Batticaloa district and killed by a group of unidentified gunmen. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) blamed a breakaway group allegedly linked to government forces.
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Officials in Venezuela confirmed that Venezuela will buy whatever legal products Bolivia can make from coca leaf as part of an effort to wean farmers from the cocaine industry.
(SFC, 2/8/07, p.A2)
2007Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe, under mounting pressure over a world record-busting inflation rate and escalating strike action in the public sector, sacked his finance minister. A union chief said 60 Zimbabwean junior doctors have been sacked from Harare’s main hospital after going on strike in December demanding salary hikes.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US Congress passed an emergency plan that rushed rebates of $600 to $1,200 to most taxpayers and $300 checks to disabled veterans, the elderly and other low-income people. President Bush indicated he would sign the measure.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US said it was barring 10 leading Kenyan politicians from entering the US, the first time Washington has blamed them for the postelection violence that has brought the African country to the brink of collapse.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mitt Romney, former governor of Massachusetts, suspended his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination.
(SFC, 2/8/08, p.A1)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, US prosecutors said Merck will pay $671 million to settle claims it overcharged government health programs for 4 drugs and gave doctors fees and gifts to induce them to prescribe the drugs. The case was triggered when a sales manager filed suit in 2001 and a Louisiana doctor exposed overcharging.
(SFC, 2/8/08, p.C2)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Los Angeles a man barricaded himself in a house after telling police he had killed 3 relatives, then opened fire on a SWAT team, killing one officer and wounding another. Randall Simmons (51) was the first SWAT officer killed in the line of duty in the unit’s 41-year history.
(AP, 2/7/08)(SFC, 2/8/08, p.A4)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Port Wentworth, Georgia, an explosion and fire at a sugar refinery owned by Imperial Sugar, based in Sugar Land, Texas, left 11 people dead. Imperial had acquired Savannah Foods & Industries, the producer of Dixie Crystals, in 1997. The acquisition doubled the size of the company, making it the largest processor and refiner of sugar in the US.
(AP, 2/8/08) (SFC, 2/11/08, p.A10) (AP, 2/24/08)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Kirkwood, Missouri, a gunman stormed a council meeting, yelled “Shoot the mayor!” and opened fire, critically wounding Mayor Mike Swoboda (69), killing two police officers and three city officials. Swoboda died on Sep 6. Charles Le “Cookie” Thornton, who had lost a free-speech lawsuit against the St. Louis suburb 10 days earlier, was fatally shot by law enforcers. He had claimed in the past city leaders stifled and harassed him.
(AP, 2/8/08) (SFC, 9/7/08, p.A3)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Portsmouth, Ohio, William Michael Layne (56) stabbed his estranged wife in front of her 5th grade class and girl friend in an alley behind her home and then shot himself dead in a standoff with police. Both women were in critical condition.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomb targeting a NATO convoy left three soldiers lightly wounded in eastern Khost province. A bungled suicide attack hurt two civilians in southwestern Nimroz province.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In eastern Algeria suspected Islamist militants gunned down eight police officers in a late night ambush outside the village of Ain R’Ghiya. In a separate morning attack, another officer was killed and one injured in the village of Boukalfa.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A new security pact between Australia and Indonesia came into force at a ceremony in Perth attended by the foreign ministers of the at-times testy neighbors.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Belize’s opposition United Democratic Party won a landslide victory in general elections, ending PM Said Musa’s 10 years in office. UDP leader Dean Barrow was to be sworn in as the country’s first black prime minister the next day.
(AP, 2/8/08) (Econ, 2/16/08, p.44)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Bolivia’s foreign minister said that the world has an obligation to send aid to flood-ravaged areas, linking a disaster that has killed 49 people to global climate change.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Bank of England’s monetary policy committee (MPC) lowered interest rates from 5,75% to 5.5%.
(Econ, 2/9/08, p.63)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Chadian President Idriss Deby Itno issued a “solemn call” for a European peacekeeping force for Darfur refugees, to deploy as soon as possible. The president also said he was “ready to pardon” six French aid workers convicted in December of trying to kidnap more than 100 children they said were orphans from Darfur.
(AP, 2/7/08) (AFP, 2/7/08)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Chile announced it will try to head off power rationing by cutting electrical voltage, distributing efficient light bulbs and extending daylight savings time.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Egypt at least 29 people, including children, were killed and 16 injured in a traffic pileup blamed on early morning fog southeast of Cairo.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Greece senior clergy elected Metropolitan Bishop Ieronymos of Thebes as the new leader of the powerful Orthodox Church to succeed the late Archbishop Christodoulos.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In western India Dynaneshwar Sathawane, a local leader of the ruling Congress party, was stripped, stoned and beaten to death by a mob during a rally of nearly 500 people in Maharashtra state.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Experts said Iran’s nuclear project has developed its own version of an advanced centrifuge to churn out enriched uranium much faster than its previous machines.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Iraq gunmen stormed a house near Baqouba, separated out the women and children inside and killed three brothers, all members of a US-backed neighborhood watch group. A roadside bomb killed three awakening council members and wounded eight others south of Baghdad. A truckload of weapons, ammunition and explosives were seized at an Iraqi police checkpoint at the entrance to Karbala. US troops captured an alleged Shiite militia leader and three other suspects in a raid south of Baghdad. 15 suspected militants were detained in sweeps through Sadr City, and one person was killed.
(AP, 2/7/08) (AP, 2/8/08)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Israeli ground forces backed by warplanes exchanged fire with Hamas gunmen in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a teacher and six militants in escalating violence that is hobbling peace efforts. Israeli troops entered the town of Qabatiya before dawn to arrest an Islamic Jihad militant. Soldiers shot a mentally disabled man, Taysir Nazal (56), as he emerged from his home, in his legs. Nazal died from his wounds on Feb 14.
(AP, 2/7/08)(AP, 2/14/08)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Authorities in Italy and the US conducted raids targeting dozens of alleged members of Mafia clans who controlled drug trafficking between the two sides of the Atlantic. A 169-page indictment in the US went back 3 decades and included at least 7 murders. The main targets in NY included 3 of the “five families” controlling organized crime in America: the Genovese, Bonanno and Gambino families.
(AP, 2/7/08) (Econ, 2/16/08, p.41)
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Libya’s National Oil Corp and Indonesia signed a deal for the north African state to supply the world’s most populous Muslim nation with crude oil for the next 20 years.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mexican soldiers seized nearly 10 tons of marijuana, a machine gun, scores of assault rifles and three grenades in a raid just across the border from Texas.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, NATO defense ministers held talks on Afghanistan in Lithuania. France agreed to help Canada in fighting the Taliban in southern Afghanistan.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Nepalese authorities arrested Amit Kumar, the alleged mastermind of a shadowy organ transplant operation in India that illegally removed hundreds of kidneys, sometimes from unwilling donors, at a jungle resort in southern Nepal (see Jan 30).
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pakistani police arrested two suspects in the suicide attack that killed opposition leader Benazir Bhutto. A team from Scotland Yard returned to Pakistan to report the conclusions of their probe into the assassination. 3 men were killed and 13 others wounded when a bomb exploded in southwestern Baluchistan province.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The OSCE’s election monitoring organization said that it will not observe Russia’s presidential election next month because of the “severe restrictions” imposed by the Kremlin.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Sri Lanka government troops attacked rebel bunkers along the northern front lines, triggering gunbattles that killed 34 rebels and one soldier.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Tanzania’s PM Edward Lowassa and two Cabinet ministers resigned over a corruption scandal involving a contract with a nonexistent firm supposedly based in the US. Pres. Jakaya Kikwete dissolved the entire Cabinet as a result.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Turkey’s lawmakers voted to approve a constitutional amendment allowing female students to enter universities wearing Islamic head scarves, a move that many secular Turks view as an attempt to impose religion on their daily lives.
2008Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The WHO warned in a new report that the “tobacco epidemic” is growing and could claim 1 billion lives by the end of the century unless governments dramatically step up efforts to curb smoking.
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, San Francisco ushered in the Year of the Ox with its annual Chinese New Year parade.
(SSFC, 2/8/09, p.B1)
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Blossom Dearie (b.1926), jazz pianist, singer and songwriter, died in NYC.
(SFC, 2/11/09, p.B7)
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Australia searing temperatures and wind blasts created a firestorm that swept across a swath of the country’s Victoria state. On “Black Saturday” some 2298 homes were destroyed with a death toll of 173. The town of Marysville and several hamlets in the Kinglake district, both about 50 miles (100 km) north of Melbourne, were utterly devastated. In 2012 James Sokaluk was jailed for at least 14 years for starting a blaze that killed 10 people and destroyed more than 150 homes at Churchill.
(AFP, 2/8/09) (Econ, 1/14/12, p.61) (AFP, 4/27/12)
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Bolivia President Evo Morales and thousands of supporters celebrated the new constitution as it took effect, saying the new document will enshrine indigenous rights and end centuries of oppression. It renamed the former republic the “Plurinational State of Bolivia,” effective as of Jan 22, 2010.
(AP, 2/7/09) (SSFC, 1/20/13, p.P3)
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A Bolivian woman died from an injection of urine allegedly administered by her friend as a form of health therapy. Investigating prosecutor Oscar Flores later said that Gabriela Ascarrunz (35) died of an “infection caused by urine that was injected by fashion designer Monica Schultz.”
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Brazil 4 people at the rear of a plane that crashed in a muddy Amazon river managed to open an emergency door and swim to safety as the aircraft sank, dragging 24 others to their death.
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Ecuador President Rafael Correa ordered the expulsion of a top US diplomat he accused of suspending $340,000 in annual aid because Ecuador would not allow the US to veto appointments to the anti-smuggling police.
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Ethiopia Brian Adkins (25) was killed in his home in Addis Ababa. He was serving as a consular officer at the US Embassy there. A suspect was arrested on Feb 11.
(AP, 2/11/09) (www.huffingtonpost.com/news/africa)
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Antananarivo, Madagascar, at least 28 people were killed by security forces during anti-government protests. Arrest warrants were issued the next day for those deemed responsible for the political violence. A week of violence left up to 100 people dead.
(SFC, 2/9/09, p.A2)(Econ, 3/21/09, p.50)
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Officials in Morocco said heavy rains have claimed 24 lives and forced 2,000 people to be evacuated over the past week.
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Gaza Hasan al-Hijazi, who was shot by three masked men. Hamas later issued a statement calling the killing a “mistake.”
2009Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Venezuela tens of thousands of protesters marched in Caracas to oppose a constitutional amendment that could allow President Hugo Chavez to run for re-election indefinitely.
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The New Orleans Saints capped off an outstanding season with an upset over the Indianapolis Colts, 31-17, in Super Bowl XLIV. The Saints’ victory over Indianapolis was watched by more than 106 million people, surpassing the 1983 finale of “M-A-S-H” to become the most-watched program in US television history.
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Daly City, Ca., a fight at the Little Caesars Pizza near King and Callan left Jessy Wiley (21) of South San Francisco dead. In 2012 three suspected Norteno gang members were convicted in relation to Wiley’s death.
(SFC, 3/27/12, p.A2)
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Connecticut an explosion during a test of natural gas lines at the Kleen Energy Systems plant in Middletown killed at least 5 workers. The 620-megawatt plant was being built to produce energy primarily using natural gas.
(SFC, 2/8/10, p.A6)
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Afghanistan 2 two British soldiers were killed by an explosion in Sangin in Helmand Province, taking the death toll in Afghanistan to 255 since 2001. This raised Britain’s death toll to that of the Falklands war.
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Canada Air Force Col. Russell Williams (46) was arrested in Ottawa and charged with first degree murder in the deaths of 2 women. He was also charged in the sexual assaults of 2 other women. In late April Williams was also charged with 82 counts of burglary. On Oct 18 Williams pleaded guilty to more than 80 crimes over more than two years, including murder, sexual assault and burglary.
(SFC, 2/9/10, p.A2)(SFC, 4/30/10, p.A2)(Reuters, 10/19/10)
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Andre Kolingba (73), former Central African Republic general and coup leader (1981-1993), died in Paris.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_Kolingba) (AFP, 2/8/10)
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Costa Rica held elections and elected its first woman president. Laura Chinchilla (50), a mother and a social conservative, who opposed abortion and gay marriage, won 47% of the vote after campaigning to continue free market policies. She served as vice president under current Pres. Oscar Arias. Otton Solis of the Citizens Action Party, got 25% of the votes. He and the other main rival, Libertarian Otto Guevara, quickly conceded defeat. Chinchilla’s National Liberation Party was the largest in congress, but held only 24 of 57 seats.
(AP, 2/7/10)(AP, 2/8/10)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.41)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.40)
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Newspapers said Toyota will recall 300,000 Prius hybrid vehicles because of brake flaws. Toyota said that it will soon announce plans to deal with braking problems in its prized Prius hybrid amid reports it has decided to issue a recall for the latest model in Japan, a possible new embarrassment for the world’s biggest automaker.
(AFP, 2/7/10) (AP, 2/7/10)
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, India again successfully test-fired a nuclear-capable missile that can hit targets across much of Asia and the Middle East. It was the fourth test of the Agni III missile.
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ordered his country’s atomic agency to begin enriching uranium to a higher level, a move that’s likely to deepen international suspicion over the country’s intentions for its nuclear program.
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Iran’s state media said Tehran has arrested seven people linked to the US-funded Radio Farda and accused some them of working for American spy agencies.
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A Libyan court dropped a case against Rashid Hamdani, a Swiss businessman for alleged illegal business activities, clearing the way for him to go home after 19 months stuck in the country.
2010Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ukrainians voted between two presidential candidates in a run-off between PM Yulia Tymoshenko and opposition leader Viktor Yanukovich which could push the country into a fresh bout of instability. Yanukovich ended with 48.95% to Tymoshenko’s 45.47%, a lead of 3.48 percentage points or some 888,000 votes.
(Reuters, 2/7/10) (AP, 2/10/10)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A federal jury in Baton Rouge, La., convicted Wen Chyu Liu (74), a former Dow Chemical research scientist, of conspiracy to commit trade secret theft and perjury.
(SFC, 2/8/11, p.A6)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Internet company AOL Inc. said it is buying news hub Huffington Post in a $315 million deal that represents a bold bet on the future of online news. Founded in 2005, Huffington Post is owned by Arianna Huffington, Kenneth Lerer and a group of other investors. The site attracts 25 million monthly visitors.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Filmmaker Michael Moore sued Harvey and Bob Weinstein, accusing the brothers of “Hollywood accounting tricks” and “financial deception” that cheated him out of at least $2.7 million in profits from the hit documentary “Fahrenheit 9/11” (2004).
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed one person and wounded five others in Kandahar city, hours after attackers gunned down a local government chief in the country’s volatile eastern borderlands. David Hillman, a retired customs officer who had worked for the US government for 30 years, died in the blast at the Inland Customs Warehouse in Kandahar. Giles Duley (39), British photographer, was severely injured in a roadside bombing during a foot patrol in Kandahar province. He underwent multiple amputations and was flown back to Britain for further treatment.
(AP, 2/7/11) (AP, 2/9/11) (AFP, 2/12/11)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Algerian authorities announced they have banned an opposition rally set for the capital on Feb 12 to call for an end to President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s rule. Pro-democracy demonstrators said they will go ahead with the planned march.
(AFP, 2/7/11) (AP, 2/7/11)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Western Australia firefighters battled two wildfires, water bombing them from above as they tried to stop their spread. One on the outskirts of Perth destroyed at least 40 homes and left a firefighter injured.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Bangladesh authorities raided the headquarters of the opposition party in the capital as they tried to end the group’s strike to protest spiraling commodity prices and crime. In other parts of the country, police fired tear gas and arrested protesters.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Brazil a massive fire consumed the warehouses where Rio de Janeiro’s samba groups store the props and costumes for Brazil’s largest Carnival parade.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Britain’s Guardian newspaper reported that scientists in Britain have successfully tested a vaccine which could work against all known flu strains.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Cambodian and Thai troops clashed for a 4th straight day as the UN chief called for “maximum restraint” in a border dispute that has claimed 7 lives and displaced thousands. On April 6 the London-based Cluster Munition Coalition said Thailand’s ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva confirmed the army had fired 155mm cluster shells into Cambodia.
(AFP, 2/7/11) (AP, 4/6/11)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Egypt’s embattled regime announced a 15% increase in salaries and pensions in the latest attempt to defuse popular anger amid protests demanding Pres. Mubarak’s ouster. The regime appeared confident in its ability for the moment to ride out the unprecedented storm of unrest, and maintain its grip on power, at least until September elections. Mubarak’s new cabinet held its first full meeting since an uprising started nearly two weeks ago.
(AP, 2/7/11) (Reuters, 2/7/11)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Egypt Wael Ghonim (30), a Google Inc. marketing manager, was released from 12 days of detention and gave an emotionally charged television interview, sobbing at times over those who have been killed. He dubbed the protests “the revolution of the youth of the Internet.” He was a key organizer of the online campaign that sparked the first protest on Jan 25.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Fiji’s former President Ratu Josefa Iloilo (91) died. The tribal chief served as president from 2000 to 2009 and backed the 2006 military takeover of the country.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, France-based Alcatel-Lucent unveiled technology that reduces the filing cabinet size of a wireless base station to that of Rubik’s cube.
(Econ, 2/12/11, p.70)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Haiti President Rene Preval’s chief of staff said Preval will stay in office for three more months as his country chooses a successor in a delayed election. An emergency law passed by members of Preval’s former party in an expiring Senate allowed him to remain in office for up to three more months because his 2006 inauguration was delayed. The Haitian government issued a new passport to former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide, enabling him to end his exile in South Africa and return to Haiti.
(AP, 2/7/11) (AFP, 2/8/11)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Iran unveiled four new domestically produced “research” satellites as part of a space program that’s worrying other nations. Commander Mohammad Ali Jafari said Iran is mass-producing a ballistic missile which can travel at more than three times the speed of sound and hit targets on the high seas.
(AP, 2/7/11) (AFP, 2/7/11)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Iran and Turkey said they plan to triple two-way annual trade to $30 billion by 2015, ahead of a visit by Turkish President Abdullah Gul to the Islamic republic.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Israel Jerusalem officials pushed forward plans to build new Jewish housing in an Arab neighborhood in the city’s eastern sector, drawing swift condemnation from Palestinians who see it as encroaching on land they seek for a future state.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Japan’s PM Naoto Kan led a large rally demanding the return of the southern Kuril islands held by Russia since the end of World War II and calling the recent visit there by Russia’s president an outrage. Japan has designated Feb. 7 as “Northern Territories Day,” saying that a treaty dating back to that day in 1855 supports its claim to the islands.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Mexico 3 people related to Josefina Reyes, a human-rights activist who was assassinated last year in the Juarez valley, were forced from their car southeast of Ciudad Juarez. Josefina had led protests against alleged abuses by Mexican soldiers in the valley.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In the Philippines Pres. Benigno Aquino III signed a proclamation granting amnesty to rebel soldiers who participated in military uprisings in 2003 and 2006.
(SSFC, 2/13/11, p.A4) (http://tinyurl.com/2azzq9m)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, RIA News reported that a Russian man, Yevgeny Anikin (27), has pleaded guilty in court to stealing $10 million from former Royal Bank of Scotland division World Pay in 2008 by hacking into accounts. “I want to say that I repent and fully admit my guilt,” Anikin said in his final comments to the court in Novosibirsk in Siberia, where he was charged with theft.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Spain Basque separatists launched a new political party they say rejects violence by the armed group ETA, in an unprecedented step designed to move the troubled region toward peace.
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Sudan’s Pres. Omar al-Bashir accepted a southern vote for independence in a referendum that is set to create Africa’s newest state and open up a fresh period of uncertainty in the increasingly volatile region. The final results of the historic independence referendum showed that 98.83 percent had voted for secession.
(Reuters, 2/7/11) (AFP, 2/8/11)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Tunisia’s Ministry of Interior suspended the Constitutional Democratic Rally (RCD), the former ruling party.
(Econ, 2/12/11, p.30)
2011Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Zimbabweans chanting slogans from President Robert Mugabe’s party trashed stalls owned by hawkers from elsewhere in Africa at a flea market in the capital, looting mobile phones, electrical goods and clothing.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Rick Santorum won 3 victories in the race for the Republican presidential nomination by winning caucuses in Colorado and Minnesota and a primary in Missouri. Mitt Romney came in 3rd in Minnesota with 17% of the vote.
(SFC, 2/8/12, p.A6) (Econ, 2/11/12, p.32)
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The 9th Circuit Court in California struck down as unconstitutional the state’s voter-passed ban on gay marriage, ruling 2-1 that it violates the rights of gay Californians.
(AP, 2/7/12) (SFC, 2/8/12, p.A1)
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US Centers for Disease Control said smokers have twice the number of problems with their teeth than nonsmokers.
(SFC, 2/8/12, p.A6)
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez accused Britain of “militarizing the South Atlantic” and said she would complain to the UN, as tension rises ahead of the 30th anniversary of the Falklands war.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Australia imposed new travel bans and financial sanctions on Syrian leaders on as it stepped up actions to force an end to violence against Syria’s civilian population.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Jailed Bahraini activists ended a hunger strike after eight days of refusing to eat in protest at a new crackdown on demonstrations. A week-long rally called for by the Shiite-led opposition was concluded.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Bolivian officials threatened to prosecute leaders of coca growers who used whips a day earlier to drive away 4 unarmed members of a government coca eradication team.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Swollen rivers in Bulgaria and Greece burst their banks, leaving dozens of homes underwater. The Maritsa River to overflow its banks, leaving dozens of homes under water in the city of Svilengrad near the Greek border. In Greece the river Evros burst its banks near the country’s northeastern border with Bulgaria.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, German police arrested two men on allegations they were spying on Syrian opposition groups in Germany.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Iran’s parliament decided to summon President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for questioning over a long list of accusations, including that he mismanaged the nation’s economy.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ministers from Iraq’s Sunni-backed bloc ended their boycott of the Cabinet. Iraq executed 14 people, most of them Al-Qaeda members, bringing to at least 65 the number of executions so far this year.
(AP, 2/7/12) (AFP, 2/8/12)
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Jamaica roughly 2,000 firearms were melted down in a blazing furnace as part of an effort designed to combat gun trafficking and corruption while reducing violent crime.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Maldives’ first democratically elected president, Mohamed Nasheed (44), resigned after a police mutiny described by his office as an attempted coup, capping weeks of political upheaval in the holiday paradise. Nasheed has faced three weeks of street protests stemming from the arrest of a senior judge. Vice President Mohamed Waheed, who had clashed with Nasheed over the chief justice’s detention, was sworn in as the new head of state and he urged the population of 300,000 Sunni Muslims to remain calm.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mexican navy personal detained suspect Francisco Alvarado Martagon as he attempted to drive past a military checkpoint near the city of Acayucan in a vehicle without license plates. He confessed to being a head lookout for the Zetas and mentioned two sites at local ranches that the Zetas allegedly used to dispose of bodies. The navy inspected the sites and over the next 24 hours found the buried, badly decomposed remains of 15 people.
(AP, 2/8/12)(AP, 2/8/12)
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The Mexican army found 73 Central American migrants in three houses near the US border and troops arrested 4 men suspected of planning to smuggle the people into Texas.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Nigeria explosions rocked an army barracks, a bridge and an air base in the northern city of Kaduna amid a wave of attacks blamed on Islamist group Boko Haram. One suicide bomber was reported killed.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pakistani PM Yousuf Raza Gilani held talks with Qatar’s emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, on the 2nd day of an official visit expected to focus on Afghan peace efforts.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Somali pirates seized the MV Free Goddess, a Liberian-flagged Greek-owned ship and its crew of 21 Filipinos. They were held hostage by pirates for eight months until a payment of $2.3 million was made in ransom.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak arrived in Riyadh at the start of a two-day visit to the OPEC kingpin which comes as Seoul seeks to diversify its oil sources. Lee Myung-Bak held talks with Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi and the head of Saudi state oil giant Aramco, Khalid al-Faleh. Saudi Arabia pledged to ensure a stable supply of oil to South Korea.
(AFP, 2/7/12) (AFP, 2/8/12)
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Swiss materials giant Glencore and mining firm Xstrata announced a vast merger, creating a $90 billion (â‚¬69 billion) group and the world’s 4th largest mining company.
(AFP, 2/7/12) (Econ, 2/11/12, p.65)
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Syrian forces renewed their assault on the flashpoint city of Homs as Russia’s foreign minister stressed the need for reform and dialogue during talks in Damascus with President Bashar Assad about the country’s escalating violence. Activists reported that at least 15 people, including a 15-year-old boy, were killed in violence across the country. The six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council said it is pulling its ambassadors from Syria. France said it is recalling its ambassador to Syria for consultations. Other Western powers including Britain, the United States and Italy have called back their top envoys in the wake of new violence.
2012Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Turkey’s PM Erdogan announced a new initiative with regional players to halt the violence in Syria, saying the veto of a UN resolution had given President Bashar al-Assad a “license to kill.”
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, The US IRS said that the government took action in January against 389 people suspected of committing tax fraud through identity theft. This included 109 arrests and 189 indictments.
(SFC, 2/8/13, p.C2)
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In southern California Margie Carranza and her 71-year-old mother, Emma Hernandez, were delivering papers around 5 a.m. when LAPD officers guarding the Torrance home of a target named in an online Dorner manifesto blasted at least 100 rounds at their pickup. Hernandez was shot in the back and Carranza had minor injuries. In April the city of Los Angeles reached a $4.2 million settlement with a mother and daughter.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed in Kapisa province, but no crew members were seriously injured.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, An Australian government report said doping was widespread among professional and amateur athletes and demanded investigators name offenders to protect clean athletes’ reputations.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, UK authorities said beef lasagna products recalled from British supermarkets by frozen food company Findus had tested positive for more than 60% horsemeat.
(SFC, 2/8/13, p.A2)
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Ottowa, Canada, police said Marc Leduc (56) has been charged with two counts of first-degree murder in connection with the killing of two local sex workers. Pamela Kosmac, 39, was found murdered in 2008 near a bicycle path, while Leanne Lawson, 23, was found in a parking lot in a central part of the city. Leduc was already in custody facing 11 charges related to an alleged sexual assault of a 19-year-old Ottawa woman last November.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Colombia over 5,000 workers at the Cerrejon coal mine went on strike. Negotiations began on Feb 26.
(Econ, 3/2/13, p.38)
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Egypt’s PM Hesham Kandil condemned religious edicts by hardline Muslim clerics calling for the killing of opposition leaders and said the government is considering legal action against them. Kandil faced uproar, derision and even lawsuits after he blamed health problems of babies in impoverished villages on nursing mothers who “out of ignorance” don’t clean their breasts and talked of village women getting raped in the fields.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Egypt an Islamic summit urged Syrian opposition forces and members of Pres. Bashar Assad’s regime, whose hands are not tainted by violence, to hold talks to try to resolve the nation’s civil war.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Ireland dissolved one of its “bad banks”, the Irish Bank Resolution Corp (IBRC), in an emergency measure designed to pave the way for a new debt-repayment deal with the European Central Bank.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Mali French troops began to withdraw from Timbuktu after securing the fabled city as they ramped up their mission in Gao, searching for Islamic extremists who may be mixing among the local population.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pirates attacked the MV Esther C some 80 miles (130 km) off Nigeria’s coast. On March 11 Carisbrooke Shipping Ltd. of the United Kingdom said 3 captured sailors have been freed.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Syrian troops and rebels clashed again in the capital Damascus, a day after what activists described as the heaviest fighting in months in President Bashar Assad’s seat of power.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Tunisia the Islamist Ennahda party, dominating the ruling coalition, rejected PM Hamadi Jebali’s decision to replace the government to try to appease critics, signaling that the political crisis brought on by the assassination of a prominent leftist politician is far from over.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, A Yemeni military official said an explosion at a military weapons depot in northern Yemen has killed 10 civilians and 5 soldiers.
2013Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Zambia a bus operated by the postal service, carrying passengers toward its capital Lusaka, smashed into a semi-truck and another car killing at least 53 people in one of the worst traffic crashes in the nation in recent history.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pres. Obama signed into law an agriculture spending bill that will spread benefits to farmers while trimming the food stamp program.
(SFC, 2/8/14, p.A5)
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Argentina a truck driving on the wrong side of a highway crashed head on with passenger bus killing at least 18 people on National Hwy 7 in Mendoza province.
(SSFC, 2/9/14, p.A4)
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Protesters in Bosnia set fire to government buildings and fought with police as anger over unemployment and political inertia fuelled a 3rd day of the worst civil unrest in the country since its 1992-95 war.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Cambodia a boy (8) died of H5N1 bird flu, the country’s first case this year. His sister (2) also died the same day.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Central African Republic thousands of Muslims fled for their lives from Bangui, with Christian crowds cheering as truckloads of Muslim families made their way out of town. One man who fell off a truck was subsequently killed and his body mutilated, highlighting the savagery faced by those Muslims who stayed behind. A convoy of some 500 cars, trucks and motorcycles was guarded by armed soldiers from Chad. The UN’s refugee agency said nearly 9,000 people, mainly Muslims, have fled to Cameroon in just over a week to escape communal bloodshed in the CAR.
(AP, 2/7/14) (AFP, 2/7/14)
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In China villagers of Baha in Yunnan province smashed the offices and equipment of a local metalwork factory and clashed with police after the boss refused to meet with them over smoke and pollution concerns. Xinhua News later said police were arresting people involved and had identified 16 suspects.
(SFC, 2/13/14, p.A6)
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Egypt six policemen were wounded in double bombing attack in Cairo, hours before clashes between police and Islamist protesters in several cities killed 3 people. Ajnad Misr, Arabic for Egypt’s Soldiers, claimed responsibility for the bomb attack. Late day airstrikes targeted hideouts of “terrorist, extremely dangerous takfiri” militants in the eastern border town of Sheikh Zuweyid. 16 militants were reported killed.
(AFP, 2/7/14) (AP, 2/8/14)
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed outrage over a leaked phone conversation in which Victoria Nuland, a top US diplomat, used the f-word regarding the European Union’s handling of the crisis in Ukraine. An angry US State Department pointed the finger at Russia for allegedly bugging the diplomats’ phones.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, India acceded to Italy’s request and said it won’t invoke an anti-piracy law carrying the death penalty when it tries two Italian marines accused of killing two Indian fishermen in 2012.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Aid agencies working in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem expressed alarm at a spike in Israeli demolitions of Palestinian property coinciding with renewed US-backed peace negotiations.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Mali’s Ministry of Defense said around 30 ethnic Tuaregs have been killed in the northern Gao region in local fighting with ethnic Peuls.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Pakistan’s fledgling peace talks with the Taliban suffered a fresh blow as a negotiator for the militants said he would take no further part until the agenda included the imposition of Islamic sharia law.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In the northern Philippines a bus veered off a mountain road and fell into a ravine, killing at least 14 people.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Puerto Rico Pedro Rodriguez Colondres was indicted on accusations that he ran a fraud scheme obtaining at least half a million dollars in veteran’s benefits under a false name from 1984 to 2011.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Russia opened the Winter Olympics in Sochi. Police arrested four gay rights activists protesting in St. Petersburg.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In South Africa striking miners clashed with police after using rocks and burning tires to block a road leading to Anglo American Platinum’s Union mine near Northam town. One protester was killed.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Spain’s Cabinet approved a bill amending previous legislation that granted nationality by naturalization to Sephardic Jews who chose to apply for it. The reform will allow dual nationality, enabling people who can prove Sephardic ancestry to also retain their previous citizenships.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Famished and traumatized Syrians were able to leave besieged parts of Homs for the first time in more than a year as part of a potentially ground breaking agreement between the Syrian government and the United Nations.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, Turkish newspaper Today’s Zaman said one of its journalists, Mahir Zeynalov (27) from Azerbaijan, has been ordered to leave the country for criticizing PM Tayyip Erdogan on Twitter.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In central and southern Uruguay flooding caused by torrential rains forced the evacuation of thousands of people from their homes.
2014Â Â Â Â Â Â Feb 7, In Yemen Fresh clashes between Shiite rebels and tribesmen backed by Sunni Islamists erupted near Sanaa.