1900 J.F. Pickering patented his airship.
1903 Pope Leo XIII celebrated 25 years as the Pope.
1909 F.T. Marinetti (1876-1944), Italian poet,
published the 1st Futurist Manifesto in the Paris newspaper Le Figaro.
It included statements such as “We want to glorify war – the only cure
for the world…” and We intend to sing the love of danger, the habit of
energy and fearlessness.”
1920 Robert E. Peary (63), US pole explorer (North
Pole, 6/4/1909), died.
1924 Pierre Lacau, the French Director of Antiquities,
was authorised by the Egyptian Cabinet to reopen the tomb of
Tutankhamun and resume work. Howard Carter refuses its offer to
continue his work under Egyptian control wrote Virgil’s biography: “Virgil Thompson: Composer on the Aisle.”
1938 Anthony Eden (1897-1977) resigned as British
foreign secretary in a dispute with PM Neville Chamberlain. He said
Chamberlain was appeasing Germany.
1938 Hitler demanded self-determination for Germans in
Austria and Czechoslovakia. As Hitler’s quest for Lebensraum (“living
space”) expanded into Czechoslovakia, thousands of Czechoslovakian
soldiers and airmen escaped to participate in the liberation of their
1942 Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the internment of
Japanese Americans on the West Coast.
1942 Lt. Edward O’Hare downed five out of nine Japanese
bombers that were attacking the carrier Lexington, which earned him
the Congressional Medal of Honor
1947 Lord Louis Mountbatten was appointed the last
viceroy of India.
1960 English archeologist Charles Leonard Woolley
(b.1880), best known for his excavations at Ur in Mesopotamia, died.
He was knighted by King George V in 1935.
1961 Percy Aldridge Grainger (78), Australian-US
composer, pianist, died.
1962 U.S. Marine Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn, Jr.,
became the first American to orbit the earth. Launched from Cape
Canaveral, Fla., Glenn made three 90-minute orbits of the earth in
Friendship 7, radioing down to Earth, “Oh, that view is tremendous!”
The mission also provided important information about what it was like
for an astronaut to be weightless for a long period of time. When the
ship’s automatic altitude control system began to fail, Glenn, a
decorated World War II pilot, took manual control for the rest of the
flight. During Friendship 7’s approach to Earth, Glenn saw some
flaming material breaking off the capsule, but the parachute opened
and the capsule landed safely in the Atlantic Ocean. It was some time
later that NASA mission control determined that the sparks were
crystallized water vapor released by Friendship 7’s air-conditioning
system. Friendship 7’s flight lasted four hours and 56 minutes.
1967 Elvis Presley released his album “How Great Thou
Art.” The song “How Great Thou Art” is a Christian hymn based on a
Swedish poem written by Carl Gustav Boberg (1859-1940) in Sweden in
1991 Quincy Jones’ “Back on the Block” was named album
of the year at the 33rd Annual Grammy Awards.
1993 Ferrucio Lamborghini (76), Italian auto-designer
(Lamborghini, Miura), died.
1994 Pope John Paul II demanded juristic discrimination
1995 An American Marine, Sgt. Justin A. Harris, died in
a helicopter crash during the evacuation of United Nations forces from
1996 Gangsta rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg and his former
bodyguard were acquitted of murder in the 1993 shooting death of an
alleged gang member.
1999 Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee of India rode
to Pakistan by bus to meet with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for 2 days
2003 Former Air Force Master Sgt. Brian Patrick Regan
was convicted in Alexandria, Va., of offering to sell U.S.
intelligence to Iraq and China but acquitted of attempted spying for
Libya. Regan was later sentenced to life without parole.
2005 In Florida Jeff Gordon won his third Daytona 500.
Gordon was born in Vallejo, California, and raised in Pittsboro,
2006 Archbishop Paul C. Marcinkus (84), a former
Vatican bank chief linked to a huge Italian banking scandal in the
1980s, was found dead in his home in Sun City, Ariz.
2007 Nigeria’s court of appeal ruled that President
Olusegun Obasanjo had no legal power to sack of his deputy president
for having joined an opposition party.
2009 Christopher Nolan (43), an Irish poet and
novelist, died in Dublin. He had refused to let cerebral palsy get in
the way of his writing. Using a “unicorn stick” strapped to his
forehead to tap the keys of a typewriter, Nolan laboriously wrote out
messages and, eventually, poems and books as well. His autobiography,
“Under the Eye of the Clock: The Life Story of Christopher Nolan,” won
the prestigious Whitbread Award in 1988.
2010 Alexander Haig (b.1924), a former US Secretary of
State and four-star general, died of complications from an infection.
He had served as a top adviser to three presidents and had sought the
Republican presidential nomination for the 1988 elections.
2011 In Burkina Faso Justin Zongo died while in police
custody. The student’s death sparked months of protests that left at
least six dead. In August three policemen faced charges of aggravated
assault related to his death.
2014 Guantanamo Bay prisoner Ahmed al-Darbi (39) of
Saudi Arabia pleaded guilty to war crimes charges for helping plan the
suicide bombing of an oil tanker off Yemen in 2002 that killed a
crewman and wounded a dozen others.
2014 Former New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin was convicted
on 20 counts accepting bribes.